Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Journal of Applied Chemistry
Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 162480, 9 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/162480
Research Article

Characterization of Native and Modified Starches by Potentiometric Titration

Laboratorio de Polímeros y Reacciones, Escuela de Ingeniería Química, Facultad de Ingeniería, Universidad del Zulia, Sector Grano de Oro, Avenida 16 (Guajira), Ciudad Universitaria Dr. Antonio Borjas Romero, Edificio Petróleo y Química, Maracaibo 4011, Venezuela

Received 1 September 2014; Revised 10 November 2014; Accepted 18 November 2014; Published 3 December 2014

Academic Editor: Parsotam H. Parsania

Copyright © 2014 Diana Soto et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. S. Farris, L. Mora, G. Capretti, and L. Piergiovanni, “Charge density quantification of polyelectrolyte polysaccharides by conductometric titration: an analytical chemistry experiment,” Journal of Chemical Education, vol. 89, no. 1, pp. 121–124, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. M. C. C. Azevedo and A. M. V. Cavaleiro, “The acid-base titration of a very weak acid: boric acid,” Journal of Chemical Education, vol. 89, no. 6, pp. 767–770, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. J. Hurek and J. Nackiewicz, “A simple method for the consecutive determination of protonation constants through evaluation of formation curves,” Journal of Chemical Education, vol. 90, no. 5, pp. 604–608, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. A. Katchalsky and P. Spitnik, “Potentiometric titrations of polymethacrylic acid laboratory of macromolecular chemistry, Hebrew University, Jerusalem,” Journal of Polymer Science, vol. 2, no. 4, pp. 432–446, 1947. View at Google Scholar
  5. U. Lappan, U. Geißler, M. Oelmann, and S. Schwarz, “Apparent dissociation constants of polycarboxylic acids in presence of polycations,” Colloid and Polymer Science, vol. 290, no. 16, pp. 1665–1670, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. S. PoŁowiński, “Study of poly(itaconic acid) in aqueous solutions,” Polymers, vol. 51, no. 4, pp. 270–275, 2006. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. D. Stawski and S. Polowinski, “Polymerization of itaconic acid,” Polimery, vol. 50, no. 2, pp. 118–165, 2005. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. S. Banerjee, K. Sen, T. K. Pal, and S. K. Guha, “Poly(styrene-co-maleic acid)-based pH-sensitive liposomes mediate cytosolic delivery of drugs for enhanced cancer chemotherapy,” International Journal of Pharmaceutics, vol. 436, no. 1-2, pp. 786–797, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. O. Colombani, E. Lejeune, C. Charbonneau, C. Chassenieux, and T. Nicolai, “Ionization of amphiphilic acidic block copolymers,” The Journal of Physical Chemistry B, vol. 116, no. 25, pp. 7560–7565, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. F. Vilaplana, J. Hasjim, and R. G. Gilbert, “Amylose content in starches: toward optimal definition and validating experimental methods,” Carbohydrate Polymers, vol. 88, no. 1, pp. 103–111, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. L. Li, H. Jiang, M. Campbell, M. Blanco, and J.-L. Jane, “Characterization of maize amylose-extender (ae) mutant starches. Part I. Relationship between resistant starch contents and molecular structures,” Carbohydrate Polymers, vol. 74, no. 3, pp. 396–404, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. Y. Song and J. Jane, “Characterization of barley starches of waxy, normal, and high amylose varieties,” Carbohydrate Polymers, vol. 41, no. 4, pp. 365–377, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. D. X. Duan, E. Donner, Q. Liu, D. C. Smith, and F. Ravenelle, “Potentiometric titration for determination of amylose content of starch—a comparison with colorimetric method,” Food Chemistry, vol. 130, no. 4, pp. 1142–1145, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. H. Yangcheng, H. Jiang, M. Blanco, and J. L. Jane, “Characterization of normal and waxy corn starch for bioethanol production,” Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, vol. 61, no. 2, pp. 379–386, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. X. Jiang, L. Chen, and W. Zhong, “A new linear potentiometric titration method for the determination of deacetylation degree of chitosan,” Carbohydrate Polymers, vol. 54, no. 4, pp. 457–463, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. Y. Zhang, X. Zhang, R. Ding, J. Zhang, and J. Liu, “Determination of the degree of deacetylation of chitosan by potentiometric titration preceded by enzymatic pretreatment,” Carbohydrate Polymers, vol. 83, no. 2, pp. 813–817, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. L. F. Zemljič, D. Čakara, N. Michaelis, T. Heinze, and K. S. Kleinschek, “Protonation behavior of 6-deoxy-6-(2-aminoethyl)amino cellulose: a potentiometric titration study,” Cellulose, vol. 18, no. 1, pp. 33–43, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. L. J. C. B. Carvalho, C. R. Batista De Souza, J. C. de Mattos Cascardo, C. Bloch Jr., and L. Campos, “Identification and characterization of a novel cassava (Manihot esculenta Crantz) clone with high free sugar content and novel starch,” Plant Molecular Biology, vol. 56, no. 4, pp. 643–659, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. T. V. Shevchenko, E. A. Kondratov, E. V. Ul'rich, A. M. Popov, V. S. Lobanova, and I. O. Tokmakova, “On the variation of physicochemical properties of starch samples treated by microwave radiation,” Russian Journal of Applied Chemistry, vol. 86, no. 1, pp. 127–131, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. N. E. Ihegwuagu, M. O. Omojola, M. O. Emeje, and O. O. Kunle, “Isolation and evaluation of some physicochemical properties of Parkia biglobosa starch,” Pure and Applied Chemistry, vol. 81, no. 1, pp. 97–104, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. D. A. Alabi, O. R. Akinsulire, and M. A. Sanyaolu, “Qualitative determination of chemical and nutritional composition of Parkia biglobosa (Jacq.) Benth,” African Journal of Biotechnology, vol. 4, no. 8, pp. 812–815, 2005. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. R. F. Tester, J. Karkalas, and X. Qi, “Starch—composition, fine structure and architecture,” Journal of Cereal Science, vol. 39, no. 2, pp. 151–165, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. N. Kavlani, V. Sharma, and L. Singh, “Various techniques for the modification of starch and the applications of its derivatives,” International Research Journal of Pharmacy, vol. 3, no. 5, pp. 25–31, 2012. View at Google Scholar
  24. Y. Zheng, S. Hua, and A. Wang, “Adsorption behavior of Cu2+ from aqueous solutions onto starch-g-poly(acrylic acid)/sodium humate hydrogels,” Desalination, vol. 263, pp. 170–175, 2010. View at Google Scholar
  25. E. Orozco-Guareño, F. Santiago-Gutiérrez, J. L. Morán-Quiroz et al., “Removal of Cu(II) ions from aqueous streams using poly(acrylic acid-co-acrylamide) hydrogels,” Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, vol. 349, no. 2, pp. 583–593, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. C. S. Marvel and T. H. Shepherd, “Polymerization reactions of itaconic acid and some of its derivatives,” Journal of Organic Chemistry, vol. 24, no. 5, pp. 599–605, 1959. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. S. H. Tay, S. C. Pang, and S. F. Chin, “Facile synthesis of starch-maleate monoesters from native sago starch,” Carbohydrate Polymers, vol. 88, no. 4, pp. 1195–1200, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. S. C. Pang, S. F. Chin, S. H. Tay, and F. M. Tchong, “Starch-maleate-polyvinyl alcohol hydrogels with controllable swelling behaviors,” Carbohydrate Polymers, vol. 84, no. 1, pp. 424–429, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. S. Chattopadhyay, R. S. Singhal, and P. R. Kulkarni, “Optimisation of conditions of synthesis of oxidised starch from corn and amaranth for use in film-forming applications,” Carbohydrate Polymers, vol. 34, no. 4, pp. 203–212, 1997. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. R. J. Smith, “Production and use of hypochlorite oxidized starches,” in Starch Chemistry and Technology, R. L. Whistler and E. F. Paschall, Eds., vol. 2, pp. 620–625, Academic Press, New York, NY, USA, 1967. View at Google Scholar
  31. J. F. Zhu, G. H. Zhang, and Z. C. Lai, “Synthesis and characterization of maize starch acetates and its biodegradable film,” Polymer—Plastics Technology and Engineering, vol. 46, no. 12, pp. 1135–1141, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  32. D. Chen, C. Yand, and X. Qiu, “Aqueous polymerization of maleic acid and cross-linking of cotton cellulose by poly(maleic acid),” Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research, vol. 44, no. 21, pp. 7921–7927, 2005. View at Google Scholar
  33. P. Lanthong, R. Nuisin, and S. Kiatkamjornwong, “Graft copolymerization, characterization, and degradation of cassava starch-g-acrylamide/itaconic acid superabsorbents,” Carbohydrate Polymers, vol. 66, no. 2, pp. 229–245, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  34. X. Yi, S. Zhang, and B. Ju, “Preparation of water-soluble oxidized starch with high carbonyl content by sodium hypochlorite,” Starch: Stärke, vol. 66, no. 1-2, pp. 115–123, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  35. F. F. Takizawa, G. de Oliveira, F. E. Konkel, and I. M. Demiate, “Characterization of tropical starches modified with potassium permanganate and lactic acid,” Brazilian Archives of Biology and Technology, vol. 47, no. 6, pp. 921–931, 2004. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  36. S. Dash, S. Patel, and B. K. Mishra, “Oxidation by permanganate: synthetic and mechanistic aspects,” Tetrahedron, vol. 65, no. 4, pp. 707–739, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  37. Z. Mao and C. Yang, “Polymeric multifunctional carboxylic acids as crosslinking agents for cotton cellulose: poly(itaconic acid) and in situ polymerization of itaconic acid,” Journal of Applied Polymer Science, vol. 79, pp. 319–326, 2000. View at Google Scholar
  38. J. Singh, L. Kaur, and O. J. McCarthy, “Factors influencing the physico-chemical, morphological, thermal and rheological properties of some chemically modified starches for food applications—a review,” Food Hydrocolloids, vol. 21, no. 1, pp. 1–22, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus