Table of Contents
Journal of Applied Chemistry
Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 307274, 10 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/307274
Research Article

Processing and Properties of Carbon Nanotube PVC Composites

Research Institute of Leather and Plastic Sheeting (FILK) Freiberg, Meißner Ring 1–5, 09599 Freiberg, Germany

Received 12 May 2014; Accepted 19 July 2014; Published 17 August 2014

Academic Editor: Parsotam H. Parsania

Copyright © 2014 Kristin Trommer et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Commercially available multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNT) were incorporated in coating masses based on PVC by means of three roll mill. The best results could be obtained using the 5 µm gap. Thin PVC sheets were formed via knife coating having an electrical conductivity up to 1,500 S/m that are applicable as electric heating elements. For the use in the antistatic range, CNT contents ≤0.5% are sufficient. Rheological measurements indicate the quality of particle processing. AFM investigations are suitable to investigate the alignment of the nanoparticles in the bulk polymer. Using this method, the decrease of agglomerates as well as the splitting of CNT bundles within further mass processing could be visualized.