Table 1: Characteristics of raw tomato paste waste.

Ultimate analysis of TW

Component
C49.69
H7.43
N3.78
39.1
HHV (MJ/kg)20.47

Proximate analysis of TW

Preliminary analysis
Moisture7.18
Ash4.49
Volatile77.35
Fixed carbon10.98
Structure analysis
Holocellulose41.95
Hemicellulose7.36
Extractive material10.68
Oil13.25
Lignin33.65
Cellulose34.59

Estimated by difference.