Table of Contents
Journal of Artificial Evolution and Applications
Volume 2008, Article ID 728929, 10 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2008/728929
Review Article

Particle Swarm Optimization for Antenna Designs in Engineering Electromagnetics

Department of Electrical Engineering, University of California, Los Angeles, CA 90095-1594, USA

Received 17 July 2007; Accepted 17 December 2007

Academic Editor: Riccardo Poli

Copyright © 2008 Nanbo Jin and Yahya Rahmat-Samii. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. J. Kennedy and R. Eberhart, “Particle swarm optimization,” in Proceedings of IEEE International Conference on Neural Networks, vol. 4, p. 1942, Perth, Wash, Australia, 1995 November. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  2. J. Kennedy and R. Eberhart, Swarm Intelligence, Morgan Kaufmann, San Francisco, Calif, USA, 2001.
  3. R. Poli, J. Kennedy, and T. Blackwell, “Paticle swarm optimization: an overview,” Swarm Intelligence, vol. 1, no. 1, 33 pages, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  4. J. Robinson and Y. Rahmat-Samii, “Particle swarm optimization in electromagnetics,” IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, vol. 52, no. 2, 397 pages, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at MathSciNet
  5. Y. Rahmat-Samii, D. Gies, and J. Robinson, “Particle swarm optimization (PSO): a novel paradigm for antenna designs,” The Radio Science Bulletin, vol. 305, 14 pages, 2003. View at Google Scholar
  6. D. Goldberg, Genetic Algorithms in Search, Optimization and Machine Learning, Addison-Wesley, Reading, Mass, USA, 1989.
  7. Y. Rahmat-Samii and E. Michielssen, Eds., Electromagnetic Optimization by Genetic Algorithms, Y. Rahmat-Samii and E. Michielssen, Eds., John Wiley & Sons, New York, NY, USA, 1999.
  8. N. Jin and Y. Rahmat-Samii, “A hybrid real-binary particle swarm optimization (HPSO) algorithm: concepts and implementations,” in Proceedings of IEEE Antennas Propagation International Symposium, p. 1585, Honolulu, Hawaii, USA, 2007 June. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  9. N. Jin and Y. Rahmat-Samii, “Advances in particle swarm optimization for antenna designs: real-number, binary, single-objective and multiobjective implementations,” IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, vol. 55, no. 3 I, 556 pages, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  10. Y. Shi and R. Eberhart, “Empirical study of particle swarm optimization,” in Proceedings of the IEEE Congress on Evolutionary Computation (CEC '99), vol. 3, p. 1945, Washington, DC, USA, 1999 July. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  11. J. Kennedy and R. Eberhart, “A discrete binary version of the particle swarm algorithm,” in Proceedings of IEEE International Conference on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics (SMC '97), vol. 5, p. 4104, Orlando, FLa, USA, 1997 October. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  12. J. Fieldsend and S. Singh, “A multi-objective algorithm based upon particle swarm optimisation, an efficient data structure and turbulence,” in Proceedings of the U.K. Workshop on Computational Intelligence (UKCI '02), p. 37, Birmingham, UK, 2002 September.
  13. R. Eberhart and Y. Shi, “Comparing inertia weights and constriction factors in particle swarm optimization,” in Proceedings of IEEE Congress on Evolutionary Computation (CEC '00), vol. 1, p. 84, La Jolla, Calif, USA, 2000 July. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  14. S. Xu and Y. Rahmat-Samii, “Boundary conditions in particle swarm optimization revisited,” IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, vol. 55, no. 3 I, 760 pages, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  15. K. E. Parsopoulos and M. N. Vrahatis, “Recent approaches to global optimization problems through particle swarm optimization,” Natural Computing, vol. 1, no. 2-3, 235 pages, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at MathSciNet
  16. X. Hu and R. Eberhart, “Multiobjective optimization using dynamic neighborhood particle swarm optimization,” in Proceedings of IEEE Congress on Evolutionary Computation (CEC '02), vol. 2, p. 1677, Honolulu, Hawaii, USA, 2002 May. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  17. C. Coello Coello and M. Lechuga, “MOPSO: a proposal for multiple objective particle swarm optimization,” in Proceedings of IEEE Congress on Evolutionary Computation (CEC '02), vol. 2, p. 1051, Honolulu, Hawaii, USA, 2002 May. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  18. Y. Jin, M. Olhofer, and B. Sendhoff, “Dynamic weighted aggregation for evolutionary multiobjective optimization: why does it work and how?,” in Proceedings of the Genetic and Evolutionary Computation Conference (GECCO '01), p. 1042, San Francisco, Calif, USA, 2001 July.
  19. D. Gies, Particle swarm optimization: applications in electromagnetic design, [M. Eng. thesis], Los Angeles, Calif, USA, 2004.
  20. N. Jin and Y. Rahmat-Samii, “Parallel particle swarm optimization and finite difference time-domain (PSO/FDTD) algorithm for multiband and wide-band patch antenna designs,” IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, vol. 53, no. 11, 3459 pages, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  21. F. Yang, X.-X. Zhang, X. Ye, and Y. Rahmat-Samii, “Wide-band E-shaped patch antennas for wireless communications,” IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, vol. 49, no. 7, 1094 pages, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  22. F. Yang and Y. Rahmat-Samii, “Wire antennas on artificial complex ground planes: a new generation of low gain antennas,” in Proceedings of IEEE Antennas Propagation International Symposium, vol. 1, p. 309, Monterey, Calif, USA, 2004 June. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  23. F. Yang and Y. Rahmat-Samii, “Reflection phase characterizations of the EBG ground plane for low profile wire antenna applications,” IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, vol. 51, no. 10, 2691 pages, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  24. R. Haupt, “Thinned arrays using genetic algorithms,” in Electromagnetic Optimization by Genetic Algorithms, Y. Rahmat-Samii and E. Michielssen, Eds., John Wiley & Sons, New York, NY, USA, 1999. View at Google Scholar
  25. K. Chellapilla, S. S. Rao, and A. Hoorfar, “Optimization of thinned phased arrays using evolutionary programming,” in Proceedings of the 7th International Conference on Evolutionary Programming, vol. 1447, p. 157, San Diego, Calif, USA, 1998 March.
  26. D. Gies and Y. Rahmat-Samii, “Particle swarm optimization for reconfigurable phase-differentiated array design,” Microwave and Optical Technology Letters, vol. 38, no. 3, 172 pages, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  27. D. W. Boeringer and D. H. Werner, “Particle swarm optimization versus genetic algorithms for phased array synthesis,” IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, vol. 52, no. 3, 771 pages, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar