Table of Contents
Journal of Aerodynamics
Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 678518, 13 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/678518
Research Article

Drag Reduction of Passenger Car Using Add-On Devices

1Department of Automobile Engineering, RJIT BSF Academy, Tekanpur, India
2Mechanical Engineering Department, RJIT BSF Academy, Tekanpur, India

Received 12 July 2013; Revised 15 December 2013; Accepted 15 December 2013; Published 23 March 2014

Academic Editor: Noor A. Ahmed

Copyright © 2014 Ram Bansal and R. B. Sharma. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

This work proposes an effective numerical model using the Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) to obtain the flow structure around a passenger car with different add-on devices. The computational/numerical model of the passenger car and mesh was constructed using ANSYS Fluent which is the CFD solver and employed in the present work. In this study, numerical iterations are completed, and then aerodynamic data and detailed complicated flow structure are visualized. In the present work, a model of generic passenger car was developed using solidworks, generated the wind tunnel, and applied the boundary conditions in ANSYS workbench platform, and then testing and simulation have been performed for the evaluation of drag coefficient for passenger car. In another case, the aerodynamics of the most suitable design of vortex generator, spoiler, tail plates, and spoiler with VGs are introduced and analysed for the evaluation of drag coefficient for passenger car. The addition of these add-on devices are reduces the drag-coefficient and lift coefficient in head-on wind. Rounding the edges partially reduces drag in head-on wind but does not bring about the significant improvements in the aerodynamic efficiency of the passenger car with add-on devices, and it can be obtained. Hence, the drag force can be reduced by using add-on devices on vehicle and fuel economy, stability of a passenger car can be improved.