Table of Contents
Journal of Anthropology
Volume 2011, Article ID 602782, 4 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2011/602782
Research Article

Prevalence of Thinness among Santal Preschool Children Using New Body Mass Index Cut-Off Points

Department of Anthropology, Vidyasagar University, Midnapore, West Bengal 72110, India

Received 23 July 2010; Revised 28 October 2010; Accepted 30 November 2010

Academic Editor: Maryna Steyn

Copyright © 2011 Subal Das and Kaushik Bose. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

A community-based cross-sectional study was undertaken to determine the prevalence of undernutrition using body mass index (BMI) among 2–6-year Santal preschool children of Purulia District, West Bengal, India. A total of 251 (116 boys and 135 girls) children from 12 villages were measured. Commonly used indicators, that is, weight, height, and BMI, were used to evaluate the nutritional status. More boys (59.5%) than girls (53.3%), based on BMI, were undernourished. Significant age differences in weight ( ), height ( ), and BMI ( ) among boys were observed. Similarly, significant differences between ages in mean weight ( ), height ( ), and BMI ( ) were observed among the girls. The present study revealed that the nutritional status of the preschool children of Santal tribal community of these villages was poor with very high rate of thinness in boys and girls (59.5% and 53.3%, resp.).