Table of Contents
Journal of Anthropology
Volume 2013, Article ID 324264, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/324264
Research Article

Adiposity and Health Status among Adult Male Mundas and Oraons of Paschim Medinipur, West Bengal, India

1Department of Anthropology and Tribal Development, Guru Ghasidas Vishwavidyalaya, Bilaspur, Chhattisgarh, India
2Research Investigator, CRI, Bacward Classes Welfare Department, Govt. of India, Kolkata, West Bengal, India
3Department of Anthropology, Vidyasagar University, Midnapore, West Bengal 721102, India

Received 22 November 2012; Revised 14 March 2013; Accepted 18 April 2013

Academic Editor: Tetsuo Katsuura

Copyright © 2013 Subal Das et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The present cross-sectional study was conducted among two male tribal groups Munda () and Oraon () aged 18–73 years of Paschim Medinipur, West Bengal. Objective was to evaluate the health status based on body mass index (BMI) and percent body fat (PBF). Measurements of weight, height, circumferences, and skinfolds were recorded. Results revealed that mean age of Mundas () and Oraons () in years were similar. Significant () ethnic differences in mean chest circumference and anterior thigh skinfold were observed. Both Munda (50.0%) and Oraon (46.2%) males suffered from very high degree of chronic energy deficiency (CED) based on BMI. Similarly, for percent body fat (PBF), Mundas (29.3%) and Oraons (35.4%) had unhealthy (too low) PBF (i.e., ≤5%) levels. Significantly negative correlations were observed between age and BMI and positive correlations between age, waist-hip ratio (WHR), and conicity index (CI) (only Mundas) among Mundas and Oraons. In Linear regression, age had a significant impact on all derived central and overall adiposity measures. Prospective studies are required to determine the associations between health status and PBF as well as nutrition status and BMI in different indigenous ethnic groups of India and elsewhere.