Table of Contents
Journal of Anthropology
Volume 2014, Article ID 108236, 5 pages
Research Article

Fertility Behaviour and Effect of Son Preference among the Muslims of Manipur, India

1Department of Anthropology, Rajiv Gandhi University, Itanagar 791112, India
2Department of Anthropology, University of Delhi, Delhi 110007, India

Received 30 May 2014; Revised 11 August 2014; Accepted 11 August 2014; Published 26 August 2014

Academic Editor: Kaushik Bose

Copyright © 2014 Mohammad Asghar et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Fertility is one of the most important components of demographic studies affecting almost all aspects of human life. Present paper is an attempt to study various factors, including preference of son, affecting the fertility of Manipuri Muslims. A household survey was conducted in Imphal East and Thoubal districts where the concentration of Muslim is found to be the highest, interviewing 512 ever married women. Age at marriage, age at first conception, education, occupation, types of family, and per capita annual income are influencing the fertility rate among this population. Uses of birth control measures, consanguineous marriage, and age at menarche have no effect on fertility rate. The preference for more sons is observed in this study leading to increase in overall fertility rate.