Table 2: Sex-wise distribution of diabetic patients in different categories of the cardiovascular risk factors.

VariablesCategoriesOverallMaleFemaleChi-square value

BMIUnderweight7.4 (6)7.7 (3)7.1 (3)4.1090.128
Overweight28.4 (23)17.9 (7)38.1 (16)
Normal 64.2 (52)74.4 (29)54.8 (23)

WCRisk45.7 (37)15.4 (6)84.6 (33)27.819<0.001
Normal54.3 (44)84.6 (33)26.2 (11)

WHRRisk92.6 (75)87.2 (22)97.6 (41)3.2130.101
Normal7.4 (6)12.8 (5)2.4 (1)

WHtRRisk64.3 (63)47.2 (25)84.4 (38)14.728<0.001
Normal35.7 (35)52.8 (28)15.6 (7)

SBPHypertensive35.8 (29)56.4 (22)16.7 (7)14.3480.001
Prehypertensive45.7 (37)28.2 (11)61.9 (26)
Normal18.5 (15)15.4 (6)21.4 (9)

DBPHypertensive55.6 (45)61.5 (24)50.0 (21)1.1270.569
Prehypertensive33.3 (27)28.2 (11)38.1 (16)
Normal11.1 (9)10.3 (4)11.9 (5)

CholesterolRisk 28.4 (23)30.8 (12)26.2 (11)0.2090.806
Normal71.6 (58)69.2 (27)73.8 (31)

TriglycerideRisk 61.7 (50)59.0 (23)64.3 (27)0.2410.654
Normal38.3 (31)41.0 (16)35.7 (15)

LDLRisk 8.6 (7)2.1 (1)14.3 (6)3.5190.110
Normal91.4 (74)97.4 (38)85.7 (36)

HDLRisk 35.8 (29)41.0 (16)31.0 (13)0.8930.365
Normal64.2 (52)59.0 (23)69.0 (29)

TC/HDL ratioRisk 3.7 (3)5.1 (2)2.4 (1)0.4280.513
Normal96.3 (78)94.9 (37)97.6 (41)

Dyslipidemic (2 risk factors)Yes24.7 (20)23.1 (9)26.2 (11)0.1050.474
No75.3 (61)76.9 (30)73.8 (31)

Smoke/tobaccoYes37.0 (30)43.6 (17)31.0 (13)1.3850.239
No63.0 (51)56.4 (22)69.0 (29)

Family historyYes48.0 (47)49.1 (26)46.7 (21)0.0560.842
No52.0 (52.0)50.9 (27)53.3 (24)

Glycemic controlYes38.8 (38)24.5 (13)55.6 (25)9.8690.002
No61.2 (60)75.5 (40)44.4 (20)

10-year cardiovascular riskModerate37.0 (30)28.2 (11)45.2 (19)14.3000.001
High38.3 (31)59.0 (23)19.0 (8)
Low24.7 (20)12.8 (5)35.7 (15)