Table of Contents
Journal of Anthropology
Volume 2016, Article ID 6538235, 10 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/6538235
Research Article

Maternal Body Mass Index Is Strongly Associated with Children -Scores for Height and BMI

Department of Anthropology, University of North Bengal, P.O. NBU, Raja Rammohunpur, Darjeeling, West Bengal 734 013, India

Received 29 July 2016; Revised 30 September 2016; Accepted 3 October 2016

Academic Editor: Kaushik Bose

Copyright © 2016 Pushpa Lata Tigga and Jaydip Sen. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Introduction. Undernutrition continues to be a major public health problem throughout the developing world, particularly in sub-Saharan Africa and Asia including India. Limited studies suggest associations between maternal body mass index (BMI) and child nutritional status. The present study aims to determine the relationship between maternal BMI and children nutritional status. Methods. The study was conducted among 246 mothers who had given birth to single children () and belonged to the Proto-Australoid population of North Bengal, India. The anthropometric measurements of height and weight were recorded following standard procedures. Overall body composition was evaluated using BMI. Result. The results showed that overall mean BMI among mothers was  kg/m2, while those among boys and girls were  kg/m2 and  kg/m2 (), respectively. The BMI of mothers were significantly and highly correlated with HAZ (0.709) and BMIZ (0.748) () of children. These are indicative of a strong genetic component between maternal and child anthropometry. Conclusion. The results indicate significant associations between mothers’ and children’s nutritional status. Assessments of body composition and nutritional status using BMI, especially among mothers and their children, are recommended.