Table of Contents
Journal of Anthropology
Volume 2017 (2017), Article ID 3597297, 14 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/3597297
Review Article

From Rural to Urban: Archaeological Research in the Periphery of Huari, Ayacucho Valley, Peru

1MacEwan University, Edmonton, AB, Canada
2Universidad de Huamanga, Ayacucho, Peru

Correspondence should be addressed to Lidio M. Valdez

Received 12 July 2016; Accepted 16 October 2016; Published 13 February 2017

Academic Editor: Benjamin Campbell

Copyright © 2017 Lidio M. Valdez and J. Ernesto Valdez. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

For hundreds upon hundreds of years, humans lived in small settlements where most individuals, if not all, were linked by kinship ties. Many of these villages were occupied for generations and thus their occupants had a strong connection to the place. The villages were politically and economically autonomous, yet they were connected with adjacent villages by means of barter and intermarriage. Within a relatively short period of time, centuries-long occupied small villages were left vacant and replaced by fewer but much larger settlements identified as cities. In contrast to the rural based villages, cities began to house much larger numbers of residents, who not only were unfamiliar with each other but also were mainly concerned with their own well-being. Recent archaeological research carried out in the immediate periphery of Huari provides crucial information that indicates that the growth of Huari paralleled the abandonment of rural villages apparently in the midst of increasing conflict. The rural settlement of Huaqanmarka was occupied for several centuries, yet it was abandoned within a short period of time simultaneously with the desertion of other adjacent settlements.