Table 5: Association between thumbprints pattern and facial proportions (vertical) in male ().

ClassCanon and variationsRight thumbprint (%)FE valueLeft thumbprint (%)FE valueOverall FE value
ArchWhorlLoopArchWhorlLoop

ISHH = SFH0 (0)0 (0)0 (0)0.340 (0)0 (0)0 (0)0.090.07
SHH > SFH7 (4.2)71 (42.5)89 (53.3)14 (8.9)60 (38)84 (53.2)
SHH < SFH11 (5)97 (44.3)111 (50.7)17 (8.2)78 (37.7)112 (54.1)

IIFH II = UFH = LFH0 (0)0 (0)0 (0)2.200 (0)0 (0)0 (0)1.251.77
UFH < LFH18 (4.7)168 (43.6)199 (51.7)31 (8.5)138 (37.9)195 (53.6)
FH II > LFH0 (0)0 (0)1 (100)0 (0)0 (0)1 (100)
FH II < LFH0 (0)0 (0)0 (0)0 (0)0 (0)0 (0)
FH II > LFH0 (0)0 (0)0 (0)0 (0)0 (0)0 (0)

IIIHC = FH I = SUFH I = LFH0 (0)0 (0)0 (0)6.220 (0)0 (0)0 (0)7.59
HC < FH I17 (4.5)165 (43.5)197 (52)29 (8.1)135 (37.7)194 (54.2)
HC < SUFH I0 (0)0 (0)0 (0)0 (0)0 (0)0 (0)
HC < LFH1 (20)1 (20)3 (60)2 (40)1 (20)2 (40)
HC > FH I0 (0)2 (100)0 (0)0 (0)2 (100)0.00%
FH I > SUFH0 (0)0 (0)0 (0)0 (0)0 (0)0 (0)
FH I < LFH0 (0)0 (0)0 (0)0 (0)0 (0)0 (0)
SUFH < LFH0 (0)0 (0)0 (0)0 (0)0 (0)0 (0)

FE: Fisher’s Exact, SHH: special head height, SFH: special face height, FH II: forehead height II, UFH: upper facial height, LFH: lower facial height, HC: height of calva, SUFH I: special upper face height I, FH I: forehead height I, and LFH: lower facial height .