Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Journal of Botany
Volume 2013, Article ID 578627, 8 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/578627
Research Article

Chromium (VI) Induced Biochemical Changes and Gum Content in Cluster Bean (Cyamopsis tetragonoloba L.) at Different Developmental Stages

1Department of Biochemistry, CCS Haryana Agricultural University, Hisar 125001, India
2Department of Biochemistry, G. B. Pant University of Agriculture and Technology, Pantnagar 263145, India
3Department of Genetics and Plant Breeding, CCS Haryana Agricultural University, Hisar 125001, India

Received 31 July 2013; Revised 4 November 2013; Accepted 17 November 2013

Academic Editor: Zed Rengel

Copyright © 2013 Punesh Sangwan et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. F. Villiers, C. Ducruix, V. Hugouvieux et al., “Investigating the plant response to cadmium exposure by proteomic and metabolomic approaches,” Proteomics, vol. 11, no. 9, pp. 1650–1663, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. N. Rascio and F. Navari-Izzo, “Heavy metal hyperaccumulating plants: how and why do they do it? And what makes them so interesting?” Plant Science, vol. 180, no. 2, pp. 169–181, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. F. T. Davies Jr., J. D. Puryear, R. J. Newton, J. N. Egilla, and J. A. Saraiva Grossi, “Mycorrhizal fungi enhance accumulation and tolerance of chromium in sunflower (Helianthus annuus),” Journal of Plant Physiology, vol. 158, no. 6, pp. 777–786, 2001. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. A. K. Shanker, C. Cervantes, H. Loza-Tavera, and S. Avudainayagam, “Chromium toxicity in plants,” Environment International, vol. 31, no. 5, pp. 739–753, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. H. Zhang, L.-Y. Hu, P. Li, K.-D. Hu, C.-X. Jiang, and J.-P. Luo, “Hydrogen sulfide alleviated chromium toxicity in wheat,” Biologia Plantarum, vol. 54, no. 4, pp. 743–747, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. B. R. James and R. J. Bartlett, “Plant-soil interactions of chromium,” Journal of Environmental Quality, vol. 13, no. 1, pp. 67–70, 1984. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. A. Baran, Ş. H. Baysal, and A. Sukatar, “Removal of Cr6+ from aqueous solution by some algae,” Journal of Environmental Biology, vol. 26, no. 2, pp. 329–333, 2005. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. P. Vajpayee, R. D. Tripathi, U. N. Rai, M. B. Ali, and S. N. Singh, “Chromium (VI) accumulation reduces chlorophyll biosynthesis, nitrate reductase activity and protein content in Nymphaea alba L,” Chemosphere, vol. 41, no. 7, pp. 1075–1082, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. R. Moral, I. Gomez, J. N. Pedreno, and J. Mataix, “Absorption of Cr and effects on micronutrient content in tomato plant (Lycopersicum esculentum M.),” Agrochimica, vol. 40, no. 2-3, pp. 132–138, 1996. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. A. Kamavisdar, “Heavy metal pollution and their effects on environmental health,” Indian Journal of Environmental Protection, vol. 30, no. 4, pp. 335–340, 2010. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. P. J. Florijn and M. L. van Beusichem, “Uptake and distribution of cadmium in maize inbred lines,” Plant and Soil, vol. 150, no. 1, pp. 25–32, 1993. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. D. Kumar and N. Singh, Guar in India, Scientific Publishers, 2002.
  13. P. Chandra and K. Kulshreshtha, “Chromium accumulation and toxicity in aquatic vascular plants,” Botanical Review, vol. 70, no. 3, pp. 313–327, 2004. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. S. Kumar and U. N. Joshi, “Nitrogen metabolism as affected by hexavalent chromium in sorghum (Sorghum bicolor L.),” Environmental and Experimental Botany, vol. 64, no. 2, pp. 135–144, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. J. Hiscox and G. Israelstam, “A method for the extraction of chlorophyll from leaf tissue without maceration,” Canadian Journal of Botany, vol. 57, pp. 1332–1334, 1979. View at Google Scholar
  16. N. Nelson, “A photometric adaptation of the Somogyi method for the determination of glucose,” Journal of Biological Chemistry, vol. 153, pp. 375–380, 1944. View at Google Scholar
  17. AOAC, Official Methods of Analysis, Association of Official Analytical Chemists, Washington DC, USA, 15th edition, 1990.
  18. B. Das, S. K. Arora, and Y. P. Luthra, “A rapid method for determination of gum in guar (Cyamopsis tetragonoloba (L.) Taub.),” in Proceedings of the 1st Institute for Conflict Analysis and Resolution Workshop (CAZRI '77), pp. 117–123, Jodhpur, India, 1977.
  19. U. N. Joshi, “Advances in chemistry, biochemistry and industrial utilization of guar seed,” in Guar, J. V. Singh and B. S. Dahiya, Eds., p. 197, Indian Society of Forage Research, Hisar and Agricultural and Processed Food Products Export Development Authority (APEDA), New Delhi, India229, 2004. View at Google Scholar
  20. N. Gauba, M. Mahmooduzzafar, T. O. Siddiqi, S. Umar, and M. Iqbal, “Leaf biochemistry of Lycopersicon esculentum Mill. at different stages of plant development as affected by mercury treatment,” Journal of Environmental Biology, vol. 28, no. 2, pp. 303–306, 2007. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. K. Mishra, K. Gupta, and U. N. Rai, “Bioconcentration and phytotoxicity of chromium in Eichhornia crassipes,” Journal of Environmental Biology, vol. 30, no. 4, pp. 521–526, 2009. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. A. Ghani, “Effect of chromium toxicity on growth, chlorophyll and some mineral nutrients of Brassica juncea L,” Science and Technology, vol. 4, pp. 197–202, 2011. View at Google Scholar
  23. R. Hamid, J. A. Parray, A. N. Kamili, and Mahmooduzzafar, “Chromium stress in Brassica juncea L. cv. ‘Pusa Jai Kissan’ under hydroponic culture,” African Journal of Biotechnology, vol. 11, pp. 15658–15663, 2012. View at Google Scholar
  24. H. Diwan, A. Ahmad, and M. Iqbal, “Chromium-induced alterations in photosynthesis and associated attributes in Indian mustard,” Journal of Environmental Biology, vol. 33, pp. 239–243, 2012. View at Google Scholar
  25. S. Choudhury and S. K. Panda, “Induction of oxidative stress and ultrastructural changes in moss Taxithelium nepalense (Schwaegr.) Broth. under lead and arsenic phytotoxicity,” Current Science, vol. 87, no. 3, pp. 342–348, 2004. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. V. Rai, P. Vajpayee, S. N. Singh, and S. Mehrotra, “Effect of chromium accumulation on photosynthetic pigments, oxidative stress defense system, nitrate reduction, proline level and eugenol content of Ocimum tenuiflorum L,” Plant Science, vol. 167, no. 5, pp. 1159–1169, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. K. S. Ganesh, L. Baskaran, S. Rajasekaran, K. Sumathi, A. L. A. Chidambaram, and P. Sundaramoorthy, “Chromium stress induced alterations in biochemical and enzyme metabolism in aquatic and terrestrial plants,” Colloids and Surfaces B, vol. 63, no. 2, pp. 159–163, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. R. Solanki and R. Dhankhar, “Biochemical changes and adaptive strategies of plants under heavy metal stress,” Biologia, vol. 66, no. 2, pp. 195–204, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. K. K. Tiwari, S. Dwivedi, N. K. Singh, U. N. Rai, and R. D. Tripathi, “Chromium (VI) induced phytotoxicity and oxidative stress in pea (Pisum sativum L.): biochemical changes and translocation of essential nutrients,” Journal of Environmental Biology, vol. 30, no. 3, pp. 389–394, 2009. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. N. Hamid, N. Bukhari, and F. Jawaid, “Physiological responses of Phaseolus vulgaris to different lead concentrations,” Pakistan Journal of Botany, vol. 42, no. 1, pp. 239–246, 2010. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  31. M. Najafian, F. Kafilzadeh, H. N. Azad, and Y. Tahery, “Toxicity of chromium (Cr6+) on growth, ions and some biochemical parameters of Brassica napus L,” World Applied Sciences Journal, vol. 16, no. 8, pp. 1104–1109, 2012. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  32. R. S. Dubey and A. K. Singh, “Salinity induces accumulation of soluble sugars and alters the activity of sugar metabolising enzymes in rice plants,” Biologia Plantarum, vol. 42, no. 2, pp. 233–239, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  33. J. Datta, A. Bandhyopadhyay, A. Banerjee, and N. Mondal, “Phytotoxic effect of chromium on the germination, seedling growth of some wheat (Triticum aestivumL.) cultivars under laboratory condition,” Journal of Agricultural Science and Technology, vol. 7, pp. 395–402, 2011. View at Google Scholar
  34. S. Hayat, G. Khalique, M. Irfan, A. S. Wani, B. N. Tripathi, and A. Ahmad, “Physiological changes induced by chromium stress in plants: an overview,” Protoplasma, vol. 249, pp. 599–611, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  35. Y. Zuo, Y. Liu, F. Zhang, and P. Christie, “A study on the improvement iron nutrition of peanut intercropping with maize on nitrogen fixation at early stages of growth of peanut on a calcareous soil,” Soil Science and Plant Nutrition, vol. 50, no. 7, pp. 1071–1078, 2004. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  36. N. Pandey and C. P. Sharma, “Chromium interference in iron nutrition and water relations of cabbage,” Environmental and Experimental Botany, vol. 49, no. 3, pp. 195–200, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  37. S. M. Aguilera, G. Borie, P. Peirano, M. Rodriguez, I. Grez, and H. Zunino, “Chemical characterization of sewage sludges in Chile and their potential utilization as amendment to reclaim soils for forestation purposes,” Journal of Plant Nutrition, vol. 30, no. 12, pp. 1993–2003, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  38. H. Liu, J. Zhang, P. Christie, and F. Zhang, “Influence of iron plaque on uptake and accumulation of Cd by rice (Oryza sativa L.) seedlings grown in soil,” Science of the Total Environment, vol. 394, no. 2-3, pp. 361–368, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  39. H. Marschner, “Adaptation of plants to adverse chemical soil conditions,” Mineral Nutrition, vol. 2, pp. 596–680, 1995. View at Google Scholar
  40. A. Kabata-Pendias and H. Pendias, Trace Elements in Soils and Plants, CRC Press, Boca Raton, Fla, USA, 3rd edition, 2001.
  41. S. Ali, S. Cai, F. Zeng, B. Qiu, and G. Zhang, “Effect of salinity and hexavalent chromium stresses on uptake and accumulation of mineral elements in barley genotypes differing in salt tolerance,” Journal of Plant Nutrition, vol. 35, no. 6, pp. 827–839, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  42. Q. Shi and Z. Zhu, “Effects of exogenous salicylic acid on manganese toxicity, element contents and antioxidative system in cucumber,” Environmental and Experimental Botany, vol. 63, no. 1–3, pp. 317–326, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  43. S. Sarkar, S. Gupta, P. S. Variyar, A. Sharma, and R. S. Singhal, “Irradiation depolymerized guar gum as partial replacement of gum arabic for microencapsulation of mint oil,” Carbohydrate Polymers, vol. 90, pp. 1685–1694, 2012. View at Google Scholar
  44. S. K. Arora, “Legume carbohydrates,” in Chemistry and Biochemistry of Legume, S. K. Arora, Ed., pp. 1–59, Oxford and IBH Publishing Corporation, New Delhi, India, 1982. View at Google Scholar
  45. A. Dua, Effect of Cr (VI) on carbon metabolism of germinating pea seed [Ph.D. thesis], CCS HAU, Hisar, Haryana, India, 1992.