Table of Contents
Journal of Botany
Volume 2013, Article ID 712405, 10 pages
Research Article

Phenology of Some Phanerogams (Trees and Shrubs) of Northwestern Punjab, India

Department of Botanical and Environmental Sciences, Guru Nanak Dev University, Amritsar 143005, India

Received 23 January 2013; Revised 26 April 2013; Accepted 19 May 2013

Academic Editor: William K. Smith

Copyright © 2013 Gurveen Kaur et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Plants perform various vegetative and reproductive functions throughout the year in order to persist in their habitats. The study of these events including their timing and how the environment influences the timing of these events is known as phenology. This study of the timing of seasonal biological activities of plants is very important to know about plant’s survival and its reproductive success. The variation in the phenological activities is due to change in different abiotic conditions. This paper deals with the study of phenological activities like bud formation, flowering time, fruiting time, and seed formation for some leguminous plants of Amritsar, Punjab (a state in the northwest of India) for three consecutive years from 2009 till 2011.