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Journal of Botany
Volume 2014, Article ID 538242, 5 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/538242
Research Article

Vegetational Diversity Analysis across Different Habitats in Garhwal Himalaya

1Government Inter College Bagwadi, P.O. Bagwadi, Block Thalisain, Pauri Garhwal 246285, India
2Department of Botany, Kumaun University, D.S.B. Campus, Nainital, Uttarakhand, India

Received 16 February 2014; Accepted 21 May 2014; Published 7 July 2014

Academic Editor: Muhammad Y. Ashraf

Copyright © 2014 Vardan Singh Rawat and Jagdish Chandra. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Four forest sites varying in vegetation types were studied along an altitudinal range between 2200 and 2500 m. Maximum tree, shrub, and herb species were recorded on stream bank site (22, 25, and 54, resp.). Pteridophytes and bryophytes species richness was maximum on moist site (4 and 5, resp.). The number of climbers was greater in moist and dry habitats (7 species each). Parasitic species were restricted only on dry and stream bank habitats. Restricted tree and shrub species were greater on stream bank site and dry site, respectively. The herb and climber species were greater on moist site. The distribution and species richness pattern in this elevational range largely depend on the altitude and climatic variables. Along the entire range of Garhwal Himalaya, the overlapping among species regimes is broad; therefore, transitional communities having mixture of many species and zones are present. The present study indicates that the opening canopies increase the richness of tree, shrub, herb, and climbers.