Table of Contents
Journal of Biomedical Education
Volume 2014, Article ID 950898, 9 pages
Research Article

Frequency in Usage of Terminologia Anatomica Terms by Clinical Anatomists

1Department of Physical Therapy, School of Allied Health Professions, Loma Linda University, Loma Linda, CA 92350, USA
2Institutional Research, School of Allied Health Professions, Loma Linda University, Loma Linda, CA 92350, USA
3Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Loma Linda University, Loma Linda, CA 92350, USA
4Department of Physical Therapy, White Memorial Medical Center, 1720 Cesar E. Chavez Avenue, Los Angeles, CA 90033, USA
5Primary Therapy Source, 254 River Vista Place, Twin Falls, ID 83301, USA
6Therapeutic Associates Gateway Physical Therapy, 2728 Pheasant Boulevard, Suite 100, Springfield, OR 97477, USA
7Therapeutic Associates Hillsboro Physical Therapy, 5920 NE Ray Circle, Suite 160, Hillsboro, OR 97124, USA

Received 29 May 2014; Accepted 25 August 2014; Published 18 September 2014

Academic Editor: Dragan Ilic

Copyright © 2014 Bradford D. Martin et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Almost 16 years since the publishing of Terminologia Anatomica (TA) by the Federative Committee on Anatomical Terminology (FCAT), there has yet to be a unified adoption of TA-recommended anatomical terms by anatomists. A survey was sent to members of the American Association of Clinical Anatomists (AACA) to determine the frequency of TA term usage. Most respondents (70.3%) received their terminal degrees in anatomy, with 23.4% in clinical and anthropological areas. Academically ranked, most respondents were professors (38.4%) and most were from North America (81.1%). Almost 40% of respondents were textbook authors. Overall results indicate that the TA preferred term had the highest frequency of usage in only 53% of the anatomical structures/features surveyed. Compliance with TA preferred terms ranged from 98.2% to 3.6% usage. Almost 25% of AACA anatomists were not familiar with the FCAT and over 75% were concerned about synonymity in anatomical terminology. Data demonstrates that clinical anatomists of the AACA are not consistent in how they use anatomical terminology, as well as how they conform to TA terminology.