Journal of Biomedical Education / 2015 / Article / Tab 1

Research Article

Stress among Medical Students and Its Association with Substance Use and Academic Performance

Table 1

Association between stress and sociodemographic variables among medical students. Bivariate logistic regression analysis, .

Sociodemographic variables Total 
(%)
StressCOR (95%)
Yes ()No ()
(%) (%)

Age
 15–1911 (3.5)4 (36.4)7 (63.6)0.43 (0.11–1.69)
 20–24 264 (83.3)138 (52.3)126 (47.7)0.82 (0.43–1.59)
 25–3042 (13.2)24 (57.1)18 (42.9)1.00
Sex
 Male 240 (75.7)127 (52.9)113 (47.1)1.10 (0.66–1.83)
 Female77 (24.3)39 (50.6)38 (49.4)1.00
Monthly income (ETB)
 ≤20098 (30.9)60 (61.2)38 (38.8)3.95 (2.04–7.63)
 201–400 149 (47.0)86 (57.7)63 (42.3)3.41 (1.85–6.29)
 >40070 (22.1)20 (28.6)50 (71.4)1.00
Marital status
 Single309 (97.5)161 (52.1)148 (47.9)0.65 (0.15–2.78)
 Married8 (2.5)5 (62.5)3 (37.5)1.00
Academic year level
 First year72 (22.7)42 (58.3)30 (41.7)4.20 (1.58–11.14)
 Second year 79 (24.9)45 (57.0)34 (43.0)3.97 (1.51–10.42)
 Third year47 (14.8)23 (48.9)24 (51.1)2.88 (1.03–8.05)
 Fourth year53 (16.7)30 (56.6)23 (43.4)3.91 (1.42–10.78)
 Fifth year38 (12.0)19 (50.0)19 (50.0)3.00 (1.03–8.71)
 Sixth year28 (8.8)7 (25.0)21 (75.0)1.00
Religion
 Orthodox 157 (49.5)85 (54.1)72 (45.9)0.93 (0.40–2.17)
 Muslim 56 (17.7)28 (50.0)28 (50.0)0.79 (0.31–2.03)
 Protestant 79 (24.9)39 (49.4)40 (50.6)0.77 (0.31–1.90)
 Others25 (7.9)14 (56.0)11 (44.0)1.00
Ethnicity
 Oromo 156 (49.2)75 (48.1)81 (51.9)0.69 (0.31–1.56)
 Amhara 81 (25.6)40 (49.4)41 (50.6)0.73 (0.31–1.74)
 Tigre 28 (8.8)21 (75.0)7 (25.0)2.25 (0.72–7.01)
 Gurage 24 (7.6)14 (58.3)10 (41.7)1.05 (0.35–3.17)
 Others28 (8.8)16 (57.1)12 (42.9)1.00

Reference categories. Catholic, Adventist, Waqefatta and Pagan. Silte, Sidama, Kambata, Wolayita, and Somale. Current exchange rate: $1USD = 21.00 ETB. ETB = Ethiopian Birr.