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Journal of Biomedical Education
Volume 2017 (2017), Article ID 9495039, 7 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/9495039
Research Article

Stimulated Hyposalivary Flow Rates in Healthcare Students in an Interprofessional Awareness Educational Program Curriculum

1Dental Practice and Rural Health, West Virginia University, Health Sciences Addition, Room 104a, P.O. Box 9448, Morgantown, WV 26506, USA
2Department of Periodontics, West Virginia University, Rm 1087 HSN, P.O. Box 9490, Morgantown, WV 26506, USA
3Behavioral Medicine and Psychiatry, West Virginia University, 930 Chestnut Ridge Road, P.O. Box 9137, Morgantown, WV 26506, USA
4School of Dentistry Academic Affairs, One Medical Center Drive, Rm 1038 HSC North, P.O. Box 9402, Morgantown, WV 26506-9402, USA
5Department of Biostatistics, West Virginia University, G103F HSC North, P.O. Box 9190, Morgantown, WV 26506, USA

Correspondence should be addressed to R. Constance Wiener; ude.uvw.csh@2reneiwr

Received 4 April 2017; Revised 14 June 2017; Accepted 19 June 2017; Published 18 July 2017

Academic Editor: Friedrich Paul Paulsen

Copyright © 2017 R. Constance Wiener et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Purpose. Hyposalivation influences quality of life and medication compliance. However, oral health knowledge (in general) and knowledge about hyposalivation (in particular) are often lacking in nondental healthcare professional’s curricula. Additionally, hyposalivation has not been adequately studied in young adults. The purpose for this study is twofold: to use an interprofessional educational curriculum to increase nondental healthcare students’ knowledge about oral health and salivary testing and determine whether hyposalivation is different between sexes in young adults. Method. First-year medical and pharmacy students () learned the process of saliva collection and provided samples in an interprofessional program. Results. There were 14.4% of participants with hyposalivation; 72.0% were female. Males had higher flow rates (). There failed to be a significant difference between the sexes with frank hyposalivation. There failed to be a significant difference in hyposalivation and medication use/nonuse. Conclusions. Hyposalivation is a biomedical, public health concern. However, in this young population, there was no significant difference between sexes or in medication use/nonuse. Through participation in the program, the students learned about salivary flow rates and the need for collaboration among professionals to prevent negative impacts of hyposalivation and oral health.