Journal of Biophysics / 2013 / Article / Tab 1

Review Article

Comparative Trace Elemental Analysis in Cancerous and Noncancerous Human Tissues Using PIXE

Table 1

Trace metal levels reported in the literature for cancerous and noncancerous human tissues using PIXE. The values are in μg/g.

TissueTissue typeClKCaTiVCrMnFeCoNiCuZnAsSrIHgSeBrRbPbReference

BreastNormal3999138115714.331.9182997.442562.576.70.66912 [24]
Cancerous6815155048015.952.717.23768.5660.71264.1213.71.321622

Breast (serum)Normal4163218.629.82912.97.224.638.50.92.546 [34]
Cancerous2381910163550.95.332.3130.691.523

Normal20011.6688184.5617569118.454.914912511.72299817
ThyroidAdenoma2151857715.94.236.614.452511.610.6668.7176.822219.811.6[36]
Cancerous2341593931032029.846.6139717.97.712.971.82.87.717.8

KidneyNormal2911 172562229.320.43257.89.79.1661.89.824.7 [40]
Cancerous2857106298298.220.930511.67.68.2781.18.224.6

StomachNormal5295387647317.328.6240819.410.563.58188.8 [40]
Cancerous25182564331512.615.168415.66021.22291.713.18.1

PenisNormal358338.387715.24.610.3650257.558.22.12224.9 [45]
Carcinoma213357.881516.82.69.24641179.61485.6161.55.2

TestisNormal330169340023810215.6426.43.253.991.7 [45]
Carcinoma2887131272625712515.2391.90.914.934