Table of Contents
Journal of Blood Transfusion
Volume 2014, Article ID 309817, 4 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/309817
Research Article

Phenotypic Profile of Rh and Kell Blood Group Systems among Blood Donors in Cote d’Ivoire, West Africa

1National Blood Transfusion Center, 52 boulevard de Marseille, BP 15 Abidjan, Cote d’Ivoire
2Laboratory of Immunology, UFR of Medical Sciences, BP 34 Abidjan 01, Cote d’Ivoire
3Laboratory of Immunology, UFR of Pharmaceutical and Biological Sciences, BP 34 Abidjan 01, Cote d’Ivoire
4Hospital and University Centre of Cocody, BP 1843 Abidjan 08, Cote d’Ivoire

Received 24 May 2014; Accepted 25 August 2014; Published 24 September 2014

Academic Editor: Silvano Wendel

Copyright © 2014 L. Siransy Bogui et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Few countries in sub-Saharan Africa make systematic searches for antigens C, c, E, and e of the Rh and Kell system antigens in the donor and recipient, thereby exposing transfused patients. Purpose and Objectives. In this paper, we propose to determine the red cell Rh and Kell blood groups among blood donors from traditional techniques to improve medical care of transfused patients. This study will allow us to assess the frequency of blood group antigens in these systems. Study Design and Methods. We carried out a study on the red cell typing in the blood donor population of the National Blood Transfusion Center in Abidjan. This study was performed on 651 blood donors. Results. For the Rh system, the antigen frequencies of D, c, e, C, and E are, respectively, 92.93%, 99.85%, 99.85%, 21.97%, and 13.82%. K antigen is found in 0.77% of donors. Discussion and Conclusion. Although the frequencies of the most immunogenic antigens are lower than in the white race, lack of preventive measures makes the immunological risk high in Africa. Furthermore, Africa is full of specificities that are important to note for a better care of our patients.