• Views 595
• Citations 1
• ePub 5
• PDF 144
`Journal of Complex AnalysisVolume 2018, Article ID 8654506, 5 pageshttps://doi.org/10.1155/2018/8654506`
Research Article

## Generalized Distribution and Its Geometric Properties Associated with Univalent Functions

Sri Radhey Lal Arya Inter College, Aihan, Hathras, Uttar Pradesh 204101, India

Correspondence should be addressed to Saurabh Porwal; moc.liamffider@bcjhbaruas

Received 29 August 2017; Accepted 4 April 2018; Published 3 June 2018

Copyright © 2018 Saurabh Porwal. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

#### Abstract

The purpose of the present paper is to introduce a generalized discrete probability distribution and obtain some results regarding moments, mean, variance, and moment generating function for this distribution. Further, we show that for specific values it reduces to various well-known distributions. Finally, we give a beautiful application of this distribution on certain analytic univalent functions.

#### 1. Introduction

Let the series , where is convergent and its sum is denoted by , that is, Now, we introduce the generalized discrete probability distribution whose probability mass function is Obviously is a probability mass function because and .

Now, we introduce the series From (1) it is easy to see that the series given by (3) is convergent for and for it is also convergent.

Definition 1. If is a discrete random variable which can take the values with respective probabilities then expectation of , denoted by , is defined as

Definition 2. The th moment of a discrete probability distribution about is defined by Here is known as mean of the distribution and variance of the distribution is given by

(1)

(2)

(3)

(4)

Definition 3. The mean of the distribution is given by

Definition 4. The variance of the distribution is given by

Definition 5. The moment generating function (m.g.f.) of a random variable is denoted by and defined by

Theorem 6. The moment generating function of generalized discrete probability distribution is given by

Proof. One has

#### 2. Some Consequences

By specializing the values of , we obtain the following well-known discrete probability distributions.(1)Let , where ; then it reduces to Yule–Simon Distribution .(2)Let , where ; then it reduces to Logarithmic Distribution .(3)Let and then it reduces to Poisson distribution [1, 2].(4)Let , ; then it reduces to Binomial Distribution [1, 2].(5)Let , ; then it reduces to Beta-Binomial Distribution .(6)Let , ; then it reduces to Geometric Distribution .(7)Let , where and ; then it reduces to Zeta Distribution .(8)Let and then it reduces to Bernoulli Distribution [1, 2].

#### 3. Applications on Certain Classes of Univalent Functions

Let denote the class of functions of the following form:which are analytic in the open unit disk and . As usual, by we shall represent the class of all functions in which are univalent in and further, we denote be the subclass of consisting of functions of the following form: In 1988, Altintas and Owa  introduced the class , (, ), being the subclass of consisting of functions which satisfy the following condition:

Also, they introduce , (, ), being the subclass of consisting of functions which satisfy the following condition:

By using (18) and (19) we have It is easy to see that for the classes and reduce to the classes of starlike functions of order , and the convex functions of order , , respectively, studied by Silverman .

Mostafa  and Porwal and Dixit  obtain certain conditions for hypergeometric functions and generalized Bessel functions, respectively, for these classes.

Now, we introduce a power series whose coefficients are probabilities of the generalized distribution: Further, we define the following function:

The convolution (or Hadamard product) of two series and is defined as the power series:

Next, we introduce the convolution operator for functions of the form (17) as follows:

Recently, Porwal  introduced a Poisson distribution series whose coefficients are probabilities of Poisson distribution and established a correlation between Statistics and Geometric Function Theory which opened up a new direction of research. After the appearance of this paper some researchers (e.g., Ahmad et al. , Murugusundaramoorthy , and Porwal and Kumar ) obtained some new and interesting results by using Hypergeometric Distribution, Poisson Distribution, and Confluent Hypergeometric Distribution. In the present paper motivated with the above-mentioned work, we obtain necessary and sufficient conditions for and in the classes and .

To prove our main theorem, we need the following lemma.

Lemma 7 (see ). If is of the form (16) then The bounds given in (25) are sharp.

Lemma 8 (see ). A function defined by (17) is in class , if and only if

Lemma 9 (see ). A function defined by (17) is in class , if and only if

Theorem 10. If that is of form (22) is in class , if and only if

Proof. Since according to Lemma 8, we have to show that NowThis completes the proof of Theorem 10.

Theorem 11. If that is of form (22) is in class , if and only if

Proof. Since according to Lemma 9, we have to prove that Now Thus the proof of Theorem 11 is established.

Theorem 12. If is of form (17) and the operator defined by (24) is in the class , if and only if

Proof. By Lemma 9, it suffices to prove that Since then by using Lemma 7 we have Hence Thus the proof of Theorem 12 is established.

#### 4. An Integral Operator

In this section, we introduce an integral operator as follows: and we obtain a necessary and sufficient condition for belonging to class

Theorem 13. If is defined by (22), then defined by (40) is in class , if and only if (28) satisfies.

Proof. Since by Lemma 9, we have to prove that Now This completes the proof of Theorem 13.

#### Conflicts of Interest

There are no conflicts of interest regarding the publication of this manuscript.

#### References

1. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Probability-distribution.
2. S. C. Gupta and V. K. Kapoor, Fundamental of Mathematical Statistics, Sultan Chand and Sons, New Delhi, India, 2006.
3. O. Altintas and S. Owa, “On a subclass of certain starlike functions with negative coefficients,” The Pusan Kyongnam Mathematical Journal, vol. 4, no. 3, pp. 41–56, 1988.
4. H. Silverman, “Univalent functions with negative coefficients,” Proceedings of the American Mathematical Society, vol. 51, pp. 109–116, 1975.
5. A. O. Mostafa, “A study on starlike and convex properties for hypergeometric functions,” Journal of Inequalities in Pure and Applied Mathematics, vol. 10, no. 3, article 87, 2009.
6. S. Porwal and K. K. Dixit, “An application of generalized Bessel functions on certain analytic functions,” Acta Universitatis Matthiae Belii, Series Mathematics, vol. 21, pp. 55–61, 2013.
7. S. Porwal, “An application of a Poisson distribution series on certain analytic functions,” Journal of Complex Analysis, vol. 2014, Article ID 984135, 3 pages, 2014.
8. M. S. Ahmad, Q. Mehmood, W. Nazeer, and A. U. Haq, “An application of a Hypergeometric distribution series on certain analytic functions,” Science International, vol. 27, no. 4, pp. 2989–2992, 2015.
9. G. Murugusundaramoorthy, “Subclasses of starlike and convex functions involving Poisson distribution series,” Afrika Matematika, vol. 28, no. 7-8, pp. 1357–1366, 2017.
10. S. Porwal and S. Kumar, “Confluent hypergeometric distribution and its applications on certain classes of univalent functions,” Afrika Matematika, vol. 28, no. 1-2, pp. 1–8, 2017.
11. K. K. Dixit and S. K. Pal, “On a class of univalent functions related to complex order,” Indian Journal of Pure and Applied Mathematics, vol. 26, no. 9, pp. 889–896, 1995.