Table of Contents
Journal of Computational Engineering
Volume 2014, Article ID 539850, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/539850
Research Article

Computational Model for Internal Relative Humidity Distributions in Concrete

Volgenau School of Engineering, Department of Civil, Environmental and Infrastructure Engineering, George Mason University, 4400 University Drive MS 6C1, Fairfax, VA 22030, USA

Received 15 December 2013; Revised 29 January 2014; Accepted 4 February 2014; Published 9 March 2014

Academic Editor: Fu-Yun Zhao

Copyright © 2014 Wondwosen Ali and Girum Urgessa. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. J. Zhou, X. Chen, J. Zhang, and Y. Wang, “Internal relative humidity distribution in concrete considering self-desiccation at early ages,” International Journal of Physical Sciences, vol. 6, no. 7, pp. 1604–1610, 2011. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. A. K. Mukhopadhyay, D. Ye, and D. J. Zollinger, “Moisture-related cracking effects on hydrating concrete pavement,” FHWA/TX-05/0-1700-6, 2006. View at Google Scholar
  3. G. W. Scherer, “Theory of drying,” Journal of the American Ceramic Society, vol. 73, no. 1, pp. 1–14, 1990. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. Z. P. Bažant, “Prediction of concrete creep and shrinkage: past, present and future,” Nuclear Engineering and Design, vol. 203, no. 1, pp. 27–38, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. E. A. Idiart, Coupled analysis of degradation processes in concrete specimens at the meso-level [Ph.D. dissertation], The Polytechnic University of Catalonia, Barcelona, Spain, 2009.
  6. A. S. Altoubat, A. D. Lange, and A. D, “Early age stresses and creep-shrinkage interaction of retrained concrete,” FAA Center of Eexcellence for Airport Technology COE Report 14, 2001. View at Google Scholar
  7. R. Abbasnia, M. Kanzadi, M. S. Zadeh, and J. Ahmadi, “Prediction of free shrinkage strain related to internal moisture loss,” International Journal of Civil Engineering, vol. 7, no. 2, pp. 92–98, 2009. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. Z. P. Bazant, Mathematical Modeling of Creep and Shrinkage of Concrete, John Wiley & Sons, 1988.
  9. P. Mehta and P. J. M. Monteiro, Concrete: Microstructure, Properties and Materials, McGraw Hill, 3rd edition, 2006.
  10. Z. C. Grasley and D. A. Lange, “Modeling drying shrinkage stress gradients in concrete,” Journal of Testing and Evaluation, vol. 26, no. 2, pp. 115–122, 2004. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. D. P. Chen, C. X. Qian, and C. L. Liu, “A numerical simulation approach to calculating hygro-thermal deformation of concrete based on heat and moisture transfer in porous medium,” International Journal of Civil Engineering, vol. 8, no. 4, pp. 287–296, 2010. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. T. C. Powers, Structure and Physical Properties of Hardened Portland Cement Paste, RX094, Portland Cement Association, Skokie, Ill, USA, 1958.
  13. R. P. West and N. Holmes, “Predicting moisture movement during the drying of concrete floors using finite elements,” Construction and Building Materials, vol. 19, no. 9, pp. 674–681, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. J.-K. Kim and C.-S. Lee, “Prediction of differential drying shrinkage in concrete,” Cement and Concrete Research, vol. 28, no. 7, pp. 985–994, 1998. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. B.-L. Wang and Z.-H. Tian, “Application of finite element-finite difference method to the determination of transient temperature field in functionally graded materials,” Finite Elements in Analysis and Design, vol. 41, no. 4, pp. 335–349, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. R. Lewis, K. Morgan, H. Thomas, and K. Seethatamu, The Finite Element Method in Heat Transfer Analysis, Wiley, New York, NY, USA, 1996.
  17. Y. Yuan and Z. L. Wan, “Prediction of cracking within early-age concrete due to thermal, drying and creep behavior,” Cement and Concrete Research, vol. 32, no. 7, pp. 1053–1059, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus