Table of Contents
Journal of Computational Engineering
Volume 2016, Article ID 4724312, 8 pages
Research Article

The Guidelines for Modelling the Preloading Bolts in the Structural Connection Using Finite Element Methods

Department of Structural Engineering and Technical Mechanics, Faculty of Civil Engineering, University of Rijeka, Radmile Matejčić 3, 51000 Rijeka, Croatia

Received 30 March 2016; Revised 25 May 2016; Accepted 29 May 2016

Academic Editor: Marek Krawczuk

Copyright © 2016 Paulina Krolo et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The aim of this paper is the development of the two different numerical techniques for the preloading of bolts by the finite element method using the software Abaqus Standard. Furthermore, this paper gave detailed guidelines for modelling contact, method for solving the numerical error problems such as numerical singularity error and negative eigenvalues due to rigid body motion or the problem of the extensive elongation of bolts after pretension which is occurring during the analysis. The behaviour of bolted joints depending on the two different approaches of pretension was shown on the example of an extended end-plate bolted beam-to-column connection under the monotonic loading. The behaviour of beam-to-column connection was shown in the form and moment-rotation (-) curves and validated by experimental test. Advantages and disadvantages of pretension techniques, as well as the speed of numerical models, were also presented in this paper.