Table of Contents
Journal of Computational Engineering
Volume 2016, Article ID 8401249, 14 pages
Research Article

Computationally Efficient Assessments of the Effects of Radiative Transfer, Turbulence Radiation Interactions, and Finite Rate Chemistry in the Mach 20 Reentry F Flight Vehicle

Department of Chemical Engineering, University of North Dakota, P.O. Box 7101, Harrington Hall Room 323, 241 Centennial Drive, Grand Forks, ND 58202-7101, USA

Received 8 March 2016; Revised 13 May 2016; Accepted 16 May 2016

Academic Editor: Minvydas Ragulskis

Copyright © 2016 Gautham Krishnamoorthy and Lauren Elizabeth Clarke. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Effects of finite rate chemistry, radiative heat transfer, and turbulence radiation interactions (TRI) are assessed in a fully coupled manner in simulations of the Mach 20 Reentry F flight vehicle. Add-on functions were employed to compute a Planck mean absorption coefficient and the temperature self-correlation term (for TRI effects) in the optically thin shock layer. Transition onset was induced by specifying a wall roughness height at the experimentally observed transition location. The chemistry was modeled employing eight elementary reactions and an equilibrium approach allowing species to relax towards their chemical equilibrium values over the process characteristic time scale. The wall heat fluxes in the turbulent region, density, and velocity profiles compared reasonably well against measurements as well as similar calculations reported previously. The density predictions were more sensitive to the choice of modeling options than the velocities. The radiative source term magnitude agreed closely with its measurements deduced from shock tube experiments. The TRI model predicted a 60% enhancement in emission due to temperature fluctuations in the turbulent boundary layer. While the variations in density and velocity predictions among the models diminished along the length of the body, the O and NO prediction variations extended well into the turbulent boundary layer.