Table of Contents
Journal of Ceramics
Volume 2014, Article ID 874034, 10 pages
Research Article

Durability Modeling of Environmental Barrier Coating (EBC) Using Finite Element Based Progressive Failure Analysis

1NASA Glenn Research Center, Cleveland, OH 44135, USA
2AlphaSTAR Corporation, Long Beach, CA 90804, USA

Received 28 October 2013; Accepted 14 January 2014; Published 9 April 2014

Academic Editor: Guillaume Bernard-Granger

Copyright © 2014 Ali Abdul-Aziz et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The necessity for a protecting guard for the popular ceramic matrix composites (CMCs) is getting a lot of attention from engine manufacturers and aerospace companies. The CMC has a weight advantage over standard metallic materials and more performance benefits. However, these materials undergo degradation that typically includes coating interface oxidation as opposed to moisture induced matrix which is generally seen at a higher temperature. Additionally, other factors such as residual stresses, coating process related flaws, and casting conditions may influence the degradation of their mechanical properties. These durability considerations are being addressed by introducing highly specialized form of environmental barrier coating (EBC) that is being developed and explored in particular for high temperature applications greater than 1100°C. As a result, a novel computational simulation approach is presented to predict life for EBC/CMC specimen using the finite element method augmented with progressive failure analysis (PFA) that included durability, damage tracking, and material degradation model. The life assessment is carried out using both micromechanics and macromechanics properties. The macromechanics properties yielded a more conservative life for the CMC specimen as compared to that obtained from the micromechanics with fiber and matrix properties as input.