Table of Contents
Journal of Climatology
Volume 2016, Article ID 9426791, 11 pages
Research Article

Temporal and Spatial Variability of Air Temperatures in Estonia during 1756–2014

Centre of Real Sciences, Tallinn University of Applied Sciences, Pärnu Maantee 62, 10135 Tallinn, Estonia

Received 22 October 2015; Accepted 24 December 2015

Academic Editor: Pedro Ribera

Copyright © 2016 Agu Eensaar. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The change in the statistical and temporal parameters of air temperatures in the Estonian cities, that is, Tallinn and Tartu, was analyzed for two centuries. The results showed that the change of air temperature in Estonia exceeded 0.5°C per ten years for the time 1979–2012. For the longer period, that is, 1880–2012, the average annual rise in the air temperature was within the range of 0.1°C per ten years. The analysis of frequency distributions of the average annual air temperatures and Welch’s -test demonstrated the considerable rise in air temperature (the significance level of 0.05) in Estonia, which took place in 1901–2014 and was witnessed only in the months from November to April. However, no significant rise in air temperature was detected in Estonia from May to October.