Table 7: Stresses at critical locations of the RVE for the cold temperature (−24°C), where is the First-Stress Invariant and is the stress given by Drucker-Prager failure criterion, where = 62.25 MPa and = −0.061 [10].

ConditionLocation (MPa) (MPa) (MPa) (MPa) (MPa)

ThermalP215.9513.743.7933.4860.21
MoistureP2−8.82−7.56−2.09−18.4763.38
FinalP27.136.181.7015.0161.33

ThermalP311.2410.53−11.799.9861.64
MoistureP3−6.21−5.946.51−5.6462.59
FinalP35.034.59−5.284.3461.99