Table of Contents
Journal of Criminology
Volume 2013, Article ID 240637, 14 pages
Research Article

Victimization, Urbanicity, and the Relevance of Context: School Routines, Race and Ethnicity, and Adolescent Violence

1Department of Sociology, Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, VA 24061, USA
2Department of Sociology, University of Colorado, Colorado Springs, Colorado Springs, CO 80918, USA
3School of Social Work, Wayne State University, Detroit, MI 48202, USA
4Department of Educational Research and Administration, California State University, Fresno, Fresno, CA 93740, USA
5Department of Sociology and Criminology & Law, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611, USA

Received 28 February 2013; Revised 31 May 2013; Accepted 8 June 2013

Academic Editor: Byongook Moon

Copyright © 2013 Anthony A. Peguero et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The United States is undergoing a historical racial and ethnic demographic shift. There is limited criminological research exploring if and how these changes influence variation in the relationship between routine activity theory and adolescent violence. Although the link between routine activities and victimization has been tested and well established, criminologists have questioned if routine activities can explain adolescent violence across different social contexts. Prior research demonstrates that there are potential nuances in the theoretical connections between routine activities and victimization, particularly when considering race and ethnicity. This study builds on previous research by questioning if the elements of routine activities predict victimization across predominately urban, rural, and suburban schools. The implications of the relevance of school context in the relationships between routine activities and adolescent victimization will also be discussed more generally.