Table of Contents
Journal of Criminology
Volume 2013, Article ID 484871, 9 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/484871
Research Article

Attachment to Parents and Peers as a Parameter of Bullying and Victimization

Department of Psychology, University of Cyprus, P.O. Box 20537, 1678 Nicosia, Cyprus

Received 22 January 2013; Revised 2 April 2013; Accepted 18 April 2013

Academic Editor: Byongook Moon

Copyright © 2013 Militsa Nikiforou et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The purpose of the present study was threefold. First, we tried to investigate whether the quality of attachment with parents and peers predicts bullying and victimization. Second, we also attempted a moderation analysis in order to examine whether the relationship between quality of attachments and bullying is moderated by the child’s gender. Finally, we explored whether there are significant differences in the quality of attachment between children identified as bullies, victims, bully/victims, and uninvolved. The participants were 303 fifth and sixth grade children with a mean age of 11.06 years that completed the Revised Bullying and Victimization Questionnaire and the Inventory of Parent and Peer Attachment. The results showed that poor quality of attachment with parents and peers predicts bullying and victimization. Moderation analysis revealed that the link between quality of attachment and bullying and victimization is significantly stronger for girls. Also, as hypothesized, bullies and bully/victims manifest the worst quality of attachment with parents and peers. The results are discussed with the framework of attachment and aggression theory, exploring the pathways that explain the association between poor attachment and externalizing problems during late childhood.