Table 1: Descriptive statistics of all variables ( ).

(%)Mean (St. deviation)MinimumMaximum

Individual-level variables
Race: white (%)3268 (46.7)01
Sex: male (%)3348 (47.8)01
Age (mean)13.67 (1.47)1117
Parental support (mean)14.56 (2.76)618
Peer support (mean)10.49 (2.55)315
School pressure: (mean)2.56 (1.01)14

School-level variables
Security climate (mean)4.04 (1.33)06
Safe Passage: yes (%)1593 (22.8)01
Gang prevention: yes (%)3115 (44.5)01
Bullying prevention: yes (%)4581 (65.4)01

Peer victimization
All victimization3845 (54.9)01
Physical victimization962 (13.7)01
Emotional victimization3721 (53.1)01