Journal of Criminology / 2013 / Article / Tab 3

Research Article

Attribution of Responsibility for Organizational Wrongdoing: A Partial Test of an Integrated Model

Table 3

-statistics and means for univariate effects.

Factors Individual univariate effectsaOrganization univariate effects
CausalityKnowledgeIntentionalityMoral wrongfulnessCausalityKnowledgeIntentionalityMoral wrongfulness

Roleb6.79** 
(o = 9.90 a = 10.75)
27.74*** 
(o = 10.55 a = 11.93)
24.09*** 
(o = 9.58 a = 7.75)
11.54*** 
(o = 7.77 a = 6.73)
43.74*** 
(o = 9.91 a = 7.48)
9.92** 
(o = 6.80 a = 5.81)

Deedc8.32** 
(n = 9.86 c = 10.80)
37.14*** 
(n = 6.41 c = 8.00)
6.08** 
(n = 5.92 c = 6.69)

SOPd12.96** 
(n = 8.00 t = 9.33)
16.89*** 
(n = 7.95 t = 9.45)
3.32* 
(n = 6.02 t = 6.59)

Sexe3.78* 
(f = 10.64 m = 10.01)
5.37* 
(f = 11.54 m = 10.94)
4.18* 
(f = 7.47 m = 6.94)
4.82* 
(f = 6.92 m = 7.58)

Note that nonsignificant s are not reported. Means are below s in parentheses.
. . .
adf = 1, 209.
bRole o: obedient, a: autonomous.
cDeed n: no cover-up, c: cover-up.
dSOP n: nontypical, t: typical.
eSex f: female, m: male.

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