Table of Contents
Journal of Criminology
Volume 2013, Article ID 980128, 11 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/980128
Research Article

Testing a Crime Control Model: Does Strategic and Directed Deployment of Police Officers Lead to Lower Crime?

1Department of Social Work and Social Ecology, Loma Linda University and Riverside County Sheriff’s Department, Riverside, CA, USA
2Department of Sociology, University of California, Riverside, CA, USA
3LEIU Southwest Zone, Riverside County Sheriff’s Department, Riverside, CA, USA

Received 30 May 2012; Revised 23 September 2012; Accepted 8 October 2012

Academic Editor: Kevin M. Beaver

Copyright © 2013 James P. McElvain et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The purpose of the paper was to investigate whether implementation of a crime control model (based, in part, on the concepts of COMPSTAT) in one southern California city was effective in reducing crime. Time series regression models were fitted to data collected from the Riverside County Sheriff’s Department, city of Perris, for the years 2000 through 2010. Additional data were collected from three other cities that served as controls. Results showed that the program was effective in reducing crime rates in Perris. The effect remained significant even after taking into account time trends and control cities. Analysis also found that while the program was more effective in lessening total and property crime rates, it was less so for violent crime rates. It was concluded that strategic and directed policing models (e.g., COMPSTAT, hot spot policing, etc.) may be more effective in crime reduction efforts than reactive policing methods.