Table of Contents
Journal of Criminology
Volume 2013, Article ID 980128, 11 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/980128
Research Article

Testing a Crime Control Model: Does Strategic and Directed Deployment of Police Officers Lead to Lower Crime?

1Department of Social Work and Social Ecology, Loma Linda University and Riverside County Sheriff’s Department, Riverside, CA, USA
2Department of Sociology, University of California, Riverside, CA, USA
3LEIU Southwest Zone, Riverside County Sheriff’s Department, Riverside, CA, USA

Received 30 May 2012; Revised 23 September 2012; Accepted 8 October 2012

Academic Editor: Kevin M. Beaver

Copyright © 2013 James P. McElvain et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. W. F. Walsh and G. F. Vito, “The meaning of Compstat: analysis and response,” Journal of Contemporary Criminal Justice, vol. 20, pp. 51–68, 2004. View at Google Scholar
  2. S. J. Gaffigan, Understanding Community Policing: A Framework For Action [Monograph], Bureau of Justice Assistance, Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, National Institute of Justice, Washington, DC, USA, 1994.
  3. H. Goldstein, Problem-Oriented Policing, McGraw-Hill, New York, NY, USA, 1990.
  4. P. McDonald, Managing Police Operations: Implementing the NYPD Crime Control Model Using COMPSTAT, Wadsworth Publishing, Belmont, Mass, USA, 2002.
  5. B. J. Palombo, “History of the professional-ization of law enforcement,” in Academic Professionalism in Law Enforcement, B. J. Palombo, Ed., Chapter 2, pp. 25–72, Garland, New York, NY, USA, 1995. View at Google Scholar
  6. J. H. Skolnick and J. J. Fyfe, Above the Law: Police and the Excessive Use of Force, The Free Press, New York, NY, USA, 1993.
  7. W. J. Bratton and S. W. Malinowski, “Police performance management in practice: taking COMPSTAT to the next level,” Policing, vol. 2, pp. 259–265, 2008. View at Google Scholar
  8. J. S. Magers, “Compstat: a new paradigm for policing or a repudiation of community policing?” Journal of Contemporary Criminal Justice, vol. 20, pp. 70–79, 2004. View at Google Scholar
  9. P. McDonald, “COP, COMSTAT, and the new professionalism: mutual support or counterproductivity,” in Critical Issues in Policing, R. G. Dunham and G. D. Alpert, Eds., pp. 255–277, Prospect Heights, 2001. View at Google Scholar
  10. D. Weisburd, S. D. Mastrofski, A. M. McNally, R. Greenspan, and J. J. Willis, “Reforming to preserve: compstat and strategic problem solving in American policing,” Criminology & Public Policy, vol. 2, pp. 421–456, 2003. View at Google Scholar
  11. S. Sadd and R. M. Grinc, Implementation Challenges in Community Policing: Innovative Neighborhood- Oriented Policing in Eight Cities, Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, National Institute of Justice, Washington, DC, USA, 1996.
  12. W. J. Bratton, “Research: a practitioner's perspective, from the streets: keynote speech as delivered at the 2006 National Institute of Justice Conference on July 17, 2006,” Western Criminology Review, vol. 7, no. 3, pp. 1–6, 2006. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. G. L. Kelling and W. J. Bratton, “Declining crime rates: Insiders' views of the New York City story,” Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology, vol. 88, no. 4, p. 1217, 1998. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. R. Rosenfeld, R. Fornango, and E. Baumer, “Did ceasefire, Compstat, and exile reduce homicide?” Criminology & Public Policy, vol. 4, pp. 419–449, 2005. View at Google Scholar
  15. W. J. Bratton, “Cutting crime and restoring order: what America can learn from New Yorks finest. Heritage lecture #573,” The Heritage Foundation Leadership for America, 1996, http://www.heritage.org /research/crime/hl573.cfm.
  16. G. L. Kelling, T. Pate, D. Dieckman, and C. E. Brown, The Kansas City Preventive Patrol Experiment: A Summary Report, Police Foundation, Washington, DC, USA, 2003.
  17. J. J. Willis, S. D. Mastrofski, and D. Weisburd, “COMPSTAT and bureaucracy: a case study of challenges and opportunities for change,” Justice Quarterly, vol. 21, no. 3, pp. 463–496, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. G. F. Vito, W. F. Walsh, and J. Kunselman, “Compstat: the manager's perspective,” International Journal of Police Science & Management, vol. 7, pp. 187–196, 2004. View at Google Scholar
  19. M. Long, S. Hallam, and E. B. Silverman, “The Anglo-American measurement of police performance: compstat and best value,” British Journal of Community Justice, vol. 3, pp. 45–59, 2005. View at Google Scholar
  20. J. Shane, Compstat Implementation, FBI Law Enforcement Bulletin, 2004.
  21. V. E. Henry, The COMPSTAT Paradigm: Management Accountability in Policing, Business and the Public Sector, Looseleaf Law Publications, Flushing, NY, USA, 2003.
  22. L. E. Cohen and M. Felson, “Social change and crime rate trends: a routine activity approach,” American Sociological Review, vol. 44, pp. 588–605, 1979. View at Google Scholar
  23. D. Weisburd, L. A. Wyckoff, J. Ready, J. E. Eck, J. C. Hinkle, and F. Gajewski, “Does crime just move around the corner? A controlled study of spatial displacement and diffusion of crime control benefits,” Criminology, vol. 44, no. 3, pp. 549–591, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. G. E. P. Box and G. M. Jenkins, Time Series Analysis Forecasting and Control, Holden Day, Oakland, Calif, USA, 1976.
  25. R. Yaffee, Introduction to Time Series Analysis and Forecasting, Academic Press, San Diego, Calif, USA, 2000.
  26. R. McCleary, R. Hay, E. E. Merdinger, and D. McDowell, Applied Time Series Analysis for the Social Sciences, Sage, Thousand Oaks, Calif, USA, 1980.
  27. P. J. Diggle, Time Series: A Biostatistical Introduction, Clarendon Press, London, UK, 1990.
  28. SAS Institute, SAS/ETS: The AUTOREG Procedure [Computer Software Version 9. 3], SAS Institute, Cary, NC, USA, 2010.
  29. G. L. Kelling and W. H. Sousa, “Do police matter? An analysis of the impact of New York Citys Police reforms,” Manhattan Institute Civic Report, 2001, http://www.manhattan-institute.org/pdf/cr_22.pdf.
  30. A. A. Braga and B. J. Bond, “Policing crime and disorder hot spots: a randomized controlled trial,” Criminology, vol. 46, no. 3, pp. 577–607, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  31. United States Department of Justice, Federal Bureau of Investigation, “Crime in the United States,” 2011, http://www.fbi.gov/about-us/cjis/ucr/crime-in-the-u.s/2010/crime-in-the-u.s.2010/caution-against-ranking.