Table of Contents
Journal of Criminology
Volume 2015 (2015), Article ID 494562, 10 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/494562
Research Article

Gang Reengagement Intentions among Incarcerated Serious Juvenile Offenders

1Department of Behavioural and Social Sciences, University of Huddersfield, Huddersfield HD1 3DH, UK
2Manchester Metropolitan University, Manchester M15 6GX, UK

Received 3 September 2014; Revised 13 December 2014; Accepted 16 December 2014

Academic Editor: Xiaojin Chen

Copyright © 2015 Daniel Boduszek et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Research examining the factors that precipitate gang membership has contributed substantially to our understanding of gangs and gang-related activity, yet we know little about the factors influencing intentions to rejoin a gang after having being incarcerated. This study examines the relationship between gang characteristics, number of incarcerated friends, and family characteristics and gang reengagement intentions, while controlling for ethnicity. Participants were 206 male serious juvenile offenders interviewed as part of the Pathways to Desistance Study. The model explained between 35% and 47% of variance in gang reengagement intentions. However, only three variables made a unique statistically significant contribution to the model (punishment if gang rules are broken, importance of gang membership, and moral disengagement), with the strongest predictor being importance of gang membership. The results suggest that challenging young offenders’ perceptions about the importance of gang membership might be particularly effective in reducing gang reengagement intentions after incarceration.