Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Journal of Drug Delivery
Volume 2015, Article ID 261068, 9 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/261068
Research Article

Formulation and Evaluation of Optimized Oxybenzone Microsponge Gel for Topical Delivery

Department of Pharmaceutics, Bharati Vidyapeeth University, Poona College of Pharmacy, Erandwane, Maharashtra 411038, India

Received 26 September 2014; Revised 22 January 2015; Accepted 25 January 2015

Academic Editor: Ali Nokhodchi

Copyright © 2015 Atmaram P. Pawar et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. N. Amrutiya, A. Bajaj, and M. Madan, “Development of microsponges for topical delivery of mupirocin,” AAPS PharmSciTech, vol. 10, no. 2, pp. 402–409, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. S. Maiti, S. Kaity, S. Ray, and B. Sa, “Development and evaluation of xanthan gum-facilitated ethyl cellulose microsponges for controlled percutaneous delivery of diclofenac sodium,” Acta Pharmaceutica, vol. 61, no. 3, pp. 257–270, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. V. Chadawar and J. Shaji, “Microsponge delivery system,” Current Drug Delivery, vol. 4, no. 2, pp. 123–129, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. M. N. Padamwar and A. P. Pawar, “Preparation and evaluation of sericin gels containing choline salicylate,” Indian Drugs, vol. 40, no. 9, pp. 526–531, 2003. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. A. Nokhodchi, M. Jelvehgari, M. R. Siahi, and M. R. Mozafari, “Factors affecting the morphology of benzoyl peroxide microsponges,” Micron, vol. 38, no. 8, pp. 834–840, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. J. Jorizzo, R. Grossman, and M. Nighland, “Tretinoin microsphere gel in younger acne patients,” Journal of Drugs in Dermatology, vol. 7, no. 8, pp. 9–13, 2008. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. A. Menter, G. Vamvakias, and J. Jorizzo, “One-week treatment with once-daily fluorouracil cream 0.5% in participants with actinic keratoses,” Cutis, vol. 81, no. 6, pp. 509–516, 2008. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. R. A. Sanad, N. S. Abdelmalak, T. S. Elbayoomy, and A. A. Badawi, “Formulation of a novel oxybenzone-loaded nanostructured lipid carriers (NLCs),” AAPS PharmSciTech, vol. 11, no. 4, pp. 1684–1694, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. S. E. Cross, B. Innes, M. S. Roberts, T. Tsuzuki, T. A. Robertson, and P. McCormick, “Human skin penetration of sunscreen nanoparticles: In-vitro assessment of a novel micronized zinc oxide formulation,” Skin Pharmacology and Physiology, vol. 20, no. 3, pp. 148–154, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. S. Kale, A. Sonawane, A. Ansari, P. Ghoge, and A. Waje, “Formulation and in-vitro determination of sun protection factor of Ocimum basilicum, Linn. leaf oils sunscreen cream,” International Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, vol. 2, no. 4, pp. 147–149, 2010. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. K. S. Shaikh, B. Chellampillai, and A. P. Pawar, “Studies on nonionic surfactant bilayer vesicles of ciclopirox olamine,” Drug Development and Industrial Pharmacy, vol. 36, no. 8, pp. 946–953, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. U. Rekha and B. P. Manjula, “Formulation and evaluation of microsponges for topical drug delivery of Mometasone furoate,” International Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, vol. 3, no. 4, pp. 133–137, 2011. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. B. V. Mitkari, S. A. Korde, K. R. Mahadik, and C. R. Kokare, “Formulation and evaluation of topical liposomal gel for fluconazole,” Indian Journal of Pharmaceutical Education and Research, vol. 44, no. 4, pp. 324–333, 2010. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. R. L. Campbell and R. D. Bruce, “Comparative dermatotoxicology. I. Direct comparison of rabbit and human primary skin irritation responses to isopropylmyristate,” Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology, vol. 59, no. 3, pp. 555–563, 1981. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. A. K. Mishra, A. Mishra, A. K. Ghosh, and P. Chattopadhyay, “Evaluation of skin irritation of herbal O/W sunscreen cream on rat model,” IJPI's Journal of Pharmaceutics and Cosmetology, vol. 1, pp. 220–226, 2011. View at Google Scholar
  16. N. Singh, “Effect of sorfactants on PVA borax hydrogel rheology and thermal aspects,” Indian Journal of Chemistry, vol. 52A, pp. 879–883, 2013. View at Google Scholar
  17. J. I. D'Souza and H. N. More, “Topical anti-inflammatory gels of fluocinolone acetonide entrapped in eudragit based microsponge delivery system,” Research Journal of Pharmacy and Technology, pp. 234–245, 2008. View at Google Scholar
  18. V. Jain and R. Singh, “Design and characterization of colon-specific drug delivery system containing Paracetamol microsponges,” Archives of Pharmacal Research, vol. 34, no. 5, pp. 733–740, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. M. Kiliçarslan and T. Baykara, “The effect of the drug/polymer ratio on the properties of the verapamil HCl loaded microspheres,” International Journal of Pharmaceutics, vol. 252, no. 1-2, pp. 99–109, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. A. Swetha, M. Gopal Rao, K. Venkata Ramana, B. Niyaz Basha, and V. Koti Reddy, “Formulation and in-vitro evaluation of etodolac entrapped in microsponge based drug delivery system,” International Journal of Pharmacy, vol. 1, no. 2, pp. 73–80, 2011. View at Google Scholar
  21. M. Jelvehgari, M. R. Siahi-Shadbad, S. G. Azarmi, A. Nokhodchi, and G. P. Martin, “The microsponge delivery system of benzoyl peroxide: preparation, characterization and release studies,” International Journal of Pharmaceutics, vol. 308, no. 1-2, pp. 124–132, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. N. S. Abdelmalak and S. F. El-Menshawe, “A new topical fluconazole microsponge loaded hydrogel: preparation and characterization,” International Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, vol. 4, no. 1, pp. 460–469, 2012. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. R. C. Wester, R. Patel, S. Nacht, J. Leyden, J. Melendres, and H. Maibach, “Controlled release of benzoyl peroxide from a porous microsphere polymeric system can reduce topical irritancy,” Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology, vol. 24, no. 5, pp. 720–726, 1991. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. T. Çomoğlu, N. Gönül, and T. Baykara, “Preparation and in vitro evaluation of modified release ketoprofen microsponges,” Farmaco, vol. 58, no. 2, pp. 101–106, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus