Table of Contents
Journal of Dental Surgery
Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 210463, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/210463
Review Article

Aloe vera: An Ancient Herb for Modern Dentistry—A Literature Review

1Department of Prosthodontics, Specialist Dental Center, King Abdul Aziz Super Speciality Hospital Compound, Ministry of Health, Al-Jouf, Sakaka-42421, Saudi Arabia
2Kamineni Institute of Dental Sciences, Andhra Pradesh, India

Received 7 August 2013; Accepted 15 September 2013; Published 21 January 2014

Academic Editor: Luis Junquera

Copyright © 2014 Arbaz Sajjad and Samia Subhani Sajjad. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Objectives. To review composition, actions, and clinical applications of Aloe vera plant in dentistry and to establish its effectiveness as an invaluable adjunct in the treatment of dental diseases. Method. A manual and electronic literature (MEDLINE, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, and Google Scholar) search was performed up to July 2013 for in vitro and in vivo studies and research presenting clinical, microbiological, immunological, and patient-centered data to validate the efficacy of Aloe vera gel in dentistry. A total of 38 titles, abstracts, and full-text studies were selected and reviewed. Aloe vera has various medicinal properties like anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, antiviral, and antitumor which accelerates wound healing and helps in treating various lesions in oral cavity. Benefits associated with Aloe vera have been attributed to the polysaccharides contained in the gel of the leaves. Conclusion. The pharmacological attributes of Aloe vera have been revalidated in modern sciences through various in vivo and in vitro studies. The herb has immense potential as a dental therapeutic. Even though Aloe vera is a promising herb with various clinical applications in medicine and dentistry, more clinical research needs to be undertaken especially to validate and explain the action of acemannan hydrogel in accelerating the healing of aphthous ulcers and to validate the efficacy of Aloe gel on plaque and gingivitis, so that it can be established in the field of dentistry.