Table of Contents
Journal of Earthquakes
Volume 2015 (2015), Article ID 434156, 9 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/434156
Research Article

Dynamics of an Earthquake under Magma Thrust Strength

Laboratoire de Mécanique et de Modélisation des Systèmes Physiques (L2MSP), Faculté des Sciences, Université de Dschang, BP 69, Dschang, Cameroon

Received 22 November 2014; Accepted 9 February 2015

Academic Editor: Alejandro Ramírez-Rojas

Copyright © 2015 L. Y. Kagho et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

This paper deals with the study of the behaviour of a one spring-block model subjected to the strengths due to the motion of the tectonic plates and the upflow of magma during volcanism. Using the direct integration method, we show that the sound velocity decreases (or increases) with the amplitude of the block’s oscillation when the external frequency is zero (or not). It appears that this amplitude grows with the amplitude of the magma thrust strength. For the resonance case, where this external frequency equals the pseudofrequency of the block’s oscillation, we establish that the slip which occurs during the periodic movement of a block is a stick-slip motion instead of a creep motion as usually known; therefore, the transition does not occur. We also obtain that the event probability decreases with the amplitude of the magma thrust strength while the power of the earthquake increases with it.