Table of Contents
Journal of Ecosystems
Volume 2015 (2015), Article ID 415293, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/415293
Research Article

Assessment of Water Pollution Signs in the Brazilian Pampa Biome Using Stress Biomarkers in Fish (Astyanax sp.)

Interdisciplinary Center for Biotechnology Research, CIPBIOTEC, Universidade Federal do Pampa, Campus São Gabriel, 97.300-000 São Gabriel, RS, Brazil

Received 16 September 2014; Revised 9 January 2015; Accepted 12 January 2015

Academic Editor: Winn-Jung Huang

Copyright © 2015 Mauro Nunes et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. IBGE—Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística, Mapa de Biomas do Brasil—Primeira Aproximação, Ministério do Meio Ambiente, Brasília, Brazil, 2004.
  2. L. F. W. Roesch, F. C. B. Vieira, V. A. Pereira et al., “The Brazilian Pampa: a fragile biome,” Diversity, vol. 1, no. 2, pp. 182–198, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. M. J. Cerejeira, P. Viana, S. Batista et al., “Pesticides in Portuguese surface and ground waters,” Water Research, vol. 37, no. 5, pp. 1055–1063, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. G. M. Rand, P. G. Wells, and L. S. McCarty, “Introduction to aquatic toxicology,” in Fundamentals of Aquatic Toxicology: Effects, Environmental Fate and Risk Assessment, G. M. Rand, Ed., pp. 3–67, Taylor & Francis, Washington, DC, USA, 2nd edition, 1995. View at Google Scholar
  5. L. L. Amado, R. B. Robaldo, L. Geracitano, J. M. Monserrat, and A. Bianchini, “Biomarkers of exposure and effect in the Brazilian flounder Paralichthys orbignyanus (Teleostei: Paralichthyidae) from the Patos Lagoon estuary (Southern Brazil),” Marine Pollution Bulletin, vol. 52, no. 2, pp. 207–213, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. A. J. D. Cogo, A. F. Siqueira, A. C. Ramos, Z. M. A. Cruz, and A. G. Silva, “Utilização de enzimas do estresse oxidativo como biomarcadoras de impactos ambientais,” Natureza Online, vol. 7, no. 1, pp. 37–42, 2009. View at Google Scholar
  7. M. Valko, D. Leibfritz, J. Moncol, M. T. D. Cronin, M. Mazur, and J. Telser, “Free radicals and antioxidants in normal physiological functions and human disease,” International Journal of Biochemistry and Cell Biology, vol. 39, no. 1, pp. 44–84, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. P. C. Huber, W. P. Almeida, and A. Fátima, “Glutationa e enzimas relacionas: papel biológico e importância em processos patológicos,” Química Nova, vol. 31, no. 5, pp. 1170–1179, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  9. J. T. Hamm, B. W. Wilson, and D. E. Hinton, “Increasing uptake and bioactivation with development positively modulate diazinon toxicity in early life stage medaka (Oryzias latipes),” Toxicological Sciences, vol. 61, no. 1, pp. 304–313, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. M. P. Godoy, Peixes do Brasil, Subordem Characidade, vol. 4, Franciscana, São Paulo, Brazil, 1975.
  11. U. H. Schulz and H. Martins Jr., “Astyanax fasciatus as bioindicator of water pollution of Rio dos Sinos, RS, Brazil,” Brazilian Journal of Biology, vol. 61, no. 4, pp. 615–622, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. E. U. Winkaler, A. G. Silva, H. C. Galindo, and C. B. R. Martinez, “Biomarcadores histolsgicos e fisiolsgicos para o monitoramento da sazde de peixes de ribeirues de Londrina, Estado do Parana,” Acta Scientiarum, vol. 23, pp. 507–514, 2001. View at Google Scholar
  13. A. G. Silva and C. B. R. Martinez, “Morphological changes in the kidney of a fish living in an urban stream,” Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology, vol. 23, no. 2, pp. 185–192, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. C. T. de Lemos, F. D. A. Iranço, N. C. D. de Oliveira, G. D. de Souza, and J. M. G. Fachel, “Biomonitoring of genotoxicity using micronuclei assay in native population of Astyanax jacuhiensis (Characiformes: Characidae) at sites under petrochemical influence,” Science of the Total Environment, vol. 406, no. 1-2, pp. 337–343, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. I. Carlberg and M. Beng, “Glutathione reductase,” Methods in Enzymology, vol. 113, pp. 484–490, 1985. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. W. H. Habig and W. B. Jakoby, “Assays for differentiation of glutathione S-transferases,” in Methods in Enzymology, vol. 77, pp. 398–405, 1981. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  17. H. Aebi, “Catalase in vitro,” in Methods in Enzymology, vol. 105, pp. 121–126, 1984. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  18. A. Holmgren and B. Mikael, “Thioredoxin and thioredoxin reductase,” Methods in Enzymology, vol. 252, pp. 199–208, 1995. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  19. G. L. Ellman, K. D. Courtney, V. Andres Jr., and R. M. Featherstone, “A new and rapid colorimetric determination of acetylcholinesterase activity,” Biochemical Pharmacology, vol. 7, no. 2, pp. 88–95, 1961. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. G. L. Ellman, “Tissue sulfhydryl groups,” Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics, vol. 82, no. 1, pp. 70–77, 1959. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. R. Y. Tomita and Z. Beyruth, “Toxicologia de agrotóxicos em ambiente aquático,” Biológico, vol. 64, no. 2, pp. 135–142, 2002. View at Google Scholar
  22. C. Fernández-Vega, E. Sancho, M. D. Ferrando, and E. Andreu, “Thiobencarb-induced changes in acetylcholinesterase activity of the fish Anguilla anguilla,” Pesticide Biochemistry and Physiology, vol. 72, no. 1, pp. 55–63, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. J.-H. Jung, R. F. Addison, and W. J. Shim, “Characterization of cholinesterases in marbled sole, Limanda yokohamae, and their inhibition in vitro by the fungicide iprobenfos,” Marine Environmental Research, vol. 63, no. 5, pp. 471–478, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. T. Bálint, T. Szegletes, Z. S. Szegletes, K. Halasy, and J. Nemcsók, “Biochemical and subcellular changes in carp exposed to the organophosphorus methidathion and the pyrethroid deltamethrin,” Aquatic Toxicology, vol. 33, no. 3-4, pp. 279–295, 1995. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. M. H. Fulton and P. B. Key, “Acetylcholinesterase inhibition in estuarine fish and invertebrates as an indicator of organophosphorus insecticide exposure and effects,” Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, vol. 20, no. 1, pp. 37–45, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. G. M. Benke and S. D. Murphy, “Anticholinesterase action of methyl parathion, parathion and azinphosmethyl in mice and fish: onset and recovery of inhibition,” Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology, vol. 12, no. 1, pp. 117–122, 1974. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. M. Crestani, C. Menezes, L. Glusczak et al., “Effect of clomazone herbicide on biochemical and histological aspects of silver catfish (Rhamdia quelen) and recovery pattern,” Chemosphere, vol. 67, no. 11, pp. 2305–2311, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. L. Glusczak, D. dos Santos Miron, M. Crestani et al., “Effect of glyphosate herbicide on acetylcholinesterase activity and metabolic and hematological parameters in piava (Leporinus obtusidens),” Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety, vol. 65, no. 2, pp. 237–241, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. R. Cattaneo, B. Clasen, V. L. Loro et al., “Toxicological responses of Cyprinus carpio exposed to a commercial formulation containing glyphosate,” Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology, vol. 87, no. 6, pp. 597–602, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. B. Halliwell and J. Gutteridge, Free Radicals in Biology and Medicine, vol. 1, Oxford University Press, New York, NY, USA, 2007.
  31. S. Peña-Llopis, M. D. Ferrando, and J. B. Peña, “Impaired glutathione redox status is associated with decreased survival in two organophosphate-poisoned marine bivalves,” Chemosphere, vol. 47, no. 5, pp. 485–497, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  32. A. Rodriguez-Ariza, N. Abril, J. I. Navas, G. Dorado, J. López-Barea, and C. Pueyo, “Metal, mutagenicity, and biochemical studies on bivalve molluscs from Spanish coasts,” Environmental and Molecular Mutagenesis, vol. 19, no. 2, pp. 112–124, 1992. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  33. L. Flohé and J. R. Harris, Peroxiredoxin Systems: Structures and Functions, vol. 44, Springer, 2007.
  34. L. Zhong and A. Holmgren, “Essential role of selenium in the catalytic activities of mammalian thioredoxin reductase revealed by characterization of recombinant enzymes with selenocysteine mutations,” The Journal of Biological Chemistry, vol. 275, no. 24, pp. 18121–18128, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  35. R. Bocchetti, D. Fattorini, B. Pisanelli et al., “Contaminant accumulation and biomarker responses in caged mussels, Mytilus galloprovincialis, to evaluate bioavailability and toxicological effects of remobilized chemicals during dredging and disposal operations in harbour areas,” Aquatic Toxicology, vol. 89, no. 4, pp. 257–266, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  36. G. Atli and M. Canli, “Enzymatic responses to metal exposures in a freshwater fish Oreochromis niloticus,” Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology Part C: Toxicology & Pharmacology, vol. 145, no. 2, pp. 282–287, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus