Journal of Function Spaces

Volume 2016, Article ID 5084794, 5 pages

http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/5084794

## Products of Composition and Differentiation Operators from Bloch into Spaces

School of Mathematics and Statistics, Nanjing University of Information Science and Technology, 219 Ning Six Road, Pukou District, Nanjing, Jiangsu 210044, China

Received 2 December 2015; Accepted 9 February 2016

Academic Editor: Carlo Bardaro

Copyright © 2016 Shunlai Wang and Taizhong Zhang. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

#### Abstract

The boundedness and compactness of the product of differentiation and composition operators from Bloch spaces into spaces are discussed in this paper.

#### 1. Introduction and Motivation

Let be the open unit disk in the complex plane and let be the class of all analytic functions on . Let be the Euclidean area element on . The Bloch space on is the space of all analytic functions on such that Under the above norm, is a Banach space. Let denote the subspace of consisting of those for which as . This space is called the little Bloch space.

Throughout this paper, we assume that is a nondecreasing and right-continuous function. A function is said to belong to space (see [1]) if where is the Green function with logarithmic singularity at ; that is, ( is a conformal automorphism defined by for ). is a Banach space under the norm From [1], we know that if

Let denote a nonconstant analytic self-map of . Associated with is the composition operator defined by for . The problem of characterizing the boundedness and compactness of composition operators on many Banach spaces of analytic functions has attracted lots of attention recently, for example, [2] and the reference therein.

Let be the differentiation operator on ; then we have . For , the products of differentiation and composition operators and are defined by Operators as well as some other products of linear operators were studied, for example, in [3–9] (see also the references therein).

Recall that a linear operator is said to be bounded if there exists a constant such that for all maps . And is compact if it takes bounded sets in to sets in which have compact closure. For Banach spaces and of , is compact from to if and only if for each sequence in ; the sequence contains a subsequence converging to some limit in .

Considering the definition of spaces and with some conditions, it is difficult to study the operator from Bloch spaces to spaces. In this paper, some sufficient and necessary conditions for the boundedness and compactness of this operator are given.

#### 2. The Boundedness

Lemma 1 (see [10]). *If all , then *

Theorem 2. *Let be an analytic self-map of . Suppose is a nondecreasing and right-continuous function on such that Then the following statements are equivalent:*(a)* is bounded.*(b)* is bounded.*(c)

*Proof. * *(c) ** (a)*. Suppose that holds. For any and , we have Thus holds.*(a) ** (b)*. It is obvious.*(b) ** (c)*. Assume holds; that is, there exists a constant such that for all . Conversely, suppose that is bounded. Fix and assume that . Consider the function defined by for ; then for . Sincefor all , . Furthermore, it is clear that , since Thus Note that For this function and this point we have So for all . Then we can implyOn the other hand, we note the functions , which belong to , and we get Then So, we get By the arbitrary of , we have for all .

This completes the proof of this theorem.

*3. The Compactness*

*The following lemma can be proved similarly to [11].*

*Lemma 3. Let be an analytic self-map of . Then (or ) is compact if and only if (or ) is bounded and for any bounded sequence in which converges to zero uniformly on compact subsets of ; one has .*

*Lemma 4. Let be an analytic self-map of . Suppose is a nondecreasing and right-continuous function on such that If is compact, then for any there exists a such that, for all in , holds whenever , where is the unit ball of .*

*Proof. *For , let . Then , and uniformly on compact subsets of as . Since is compact, as . That is, for given , there exists such that For , the triangle equality gives Then, we prove that for that given and there exists a such that if , Choose , and we have . Since is compact, . Thus, for given and , there exists an such thatwhenever . Hence, for ,Therefore, for , Thus we have already proved that, for any and , there exists a such that holds whenever .

We finish our proof by showing that the above , in fact, is independent of . Since is compact, is relatively compact in . It means that there is a finite collection of functions in such that, for any and , we can find satisfying On the other hand, if , we have from the previous observation that, for all , By the triangle inequality we obtain that holds whenever . The proof is complete.

*Theorem 5. Let be an analytic self-map of . Suppose is a nondecreasing and right-continuous function on such that Then the following statements are equivalent:(a) is compact.(b) is compact.(c) is bounded: *

*Proof. * *(c) ** (a)*. Assume holds. Without loss of generality, let be a sequence in which converges to uniformly on compact subsets of , as , where is the unit ball of . By Cauchy’s estimate, we know that also converges to uniformly on compact subsets of . For the sufficiency we will be verifying that converges to in norm. By the assumption, for any , there exists a such that Let ; then we have By is bounded, we know that . It follows that since that as . By Lemma 1, we can obtain that is compact.*(a) ** (b)*. It is obvious.*(b) ** (c)*. Suppose that is compact. Then it is clear that is bounded. We know that for all . Choose a sequence in which converges to as , and let for . Thus in for all and , where is the unit ball of . By Lemma 4, for any holds for any and . That is, Thus, we obtain by integrating, with respect to , the Fubini theorem, the Poisson formula, and the Fatou’s lemma.

*Conflict of Interests*

*Conflict of Interests*

*The authors declare that there is no conflict of interests regarding the publication of this paper.*

*Acknowledgments*

*Acknowledgments*

*This paper was supported in part by NSFC, Approval no. 41174165, the graduate student scientific research innovation project of Jiangsu Province of China, Approval no. KYLX15_0882, the Natural Science Research Program of the Education Department of Jiangsu Province of China, Approval no. 07KJB110069, and a grant of NUIST, Approval no. 20080290.*

*References*

*References*

- M. Essén and H. Wulan, “On analytic and meromorphic functions and spaces of
*Q*_{K}-type,”*Illinois Journal of Mathematics*, vol. 46, no. 4, pp. 1233–1258, 2002. View at Google Scholar - S. Ohno, “Weighted composition operators between ${H}^{\infty}$ and the Bloch space,”
*Taiwanese Journal of Mathematics*, vol. 5, no. 3, pp. 555–563, 2001. View at Google Scholar - S. Ohno, “Products of composition and differentiation between Hardy spaces,”
*Bulletin of the Australian Mathematical Society*, vol. 73, no. 2, pp. 235–243, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at MathSciNet - S. Ohno, “Products of differentiation and composition on Bloch spaces,”
*Bulletin of the Korean Mathematical Society*, vol. 46, no. 6, pp. 1135–1140, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at MathSciNet · View at Scopus - S. Li and S. Stević, “Composition followed by differentiation from mixed-norm spaces to
*α*-Bloch spaces,”*Sbornik Mathematics*, vol. 199, no. 12, pp. 1847–1857, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus - S. Li and S. Stević, “Composition followed by differentiation between Bloch type spaces,”
*Journal of Computational Analysis and Applications*, vol. 9, no. 2, pp. 195–205, 2007. View at Google Scholar · View at MathSciNet · View at Scopus - S. Li and S. Stević, “Composition followed by differentiation between
*H*^{∞}and*α*-Bloch spaces,”*Houston Journal of Mathematics*, vol. 35, no. 1, pp. 327–340, 2009. View at Google Scholar - S. Stević, “Products of integral-type operators and composition operators from the mixed norm space to Bloch-type spaces,”
*Siberian Mathematical Journal*, vol. 50, no. 4, pp. 726–736, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar - S. Stević, “Products of composition and differentiation operators on the weighted Bergman space,”
*Bulletin of the Belgian Mathematical Society. Simon Stevin*, vol. 16, no. 4, pp. 623–635, 2009. View at Google Scholar · View at MathSciNet - K. H. Zhu, “Block type spaces of analytic functions,”
*The Rocky Mountain Journal of Mathematics*, vol. 23, no. 3, pp. 1143–1177, 1993. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at MathSciNet · View at Scopus - K. Zhu and M. Stessin, “Composition operators induced by symbols defined on a polydisk,”
*Journal of Mathematical Analysis and Applications*, vol. 319, no. 2, pp. 815–829, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at MathSciNet · View at Scopus

*
*