Table of Contents
Journal of Fuels
Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 459287, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/459287
Research Article

Density, Viscosity and Water Phase Stability of 1-Butanol-Gasoline Blends

Department of Petroleum Technology and Alternative Fuels, Institute of Chemical Technology, Technicka 5, 16628 Prague, Czech Republic

Received 8 October 2013; Accepted 9 December 2013; Published 27 January 2014

Academic Editor: Xingcai Lu

Copyright © 2014 Zlata Mužíková et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The aim of this work was to describe the density and viscosity and water tolerance of 1-butanol-gasoline blends. Density and viscosity of 1-butanol are higher than that for gasoline and they can affect these parameters in the final gasoline blend. Density increases linearly and viscosity exponentially with the content of 1-butanol. Water solubility in 1-butanol-gasoline blend was determined as the temperature of a phase separation. The water was separated in the solid form at negative temperature and the phase separation point was determined as the temperature of crystallization. Influence of ethanol and ethers used for gasoline blending on water phase stability of 1-butanol-gasoline blend was studied. Ethers are slightly miscible with water and they improve the phase stability. While ethanol is completely miscible water and increases the water solubility in the blends. Finally, water extractions of both alcohols from gasoline were done. In contrast to the ethanol-gasoline blends, 1-butanol remained in the hydrocarbon phase.