Table of Contents
Journal of Fuels
Volume 2014, Article ID 464590, 8 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/464590
Research Article

Hura crepitans Seed Oil: An Alternative Feedstock for Biodiesel Production

1Department of Chemical Sciences, Faculty of Natural Sciences, Redeemer’s University, Redemption City, Ogun State, Nigeria
2Industrial Unit, Department of Chemistry, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria

Received 12 June 2014; Accepted 22 July 2014; Published 10 August 2014

Academic Editor: Xingcai Lu

Copyright © 2014 Adewale Adewuyi et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. M. K. Lam, K. T. Lee, and A. R. Mohamed, “Sulfated tin oxide as solid superacid catalyst for transesterification of waste cooking oil: an optimization study,” Applied Catalysis B, vol. 93, no. 1-2, pp. 134–139, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. A. Bouaid, M. Martinez, and J. Aracil, “Long storage stability of biodiesel from vegetable and used frying oils,” Fuel, vol. 86, no. 16, pp. 2596–2602, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. N. S. Babu, R. Sree, P. S. S. Prasad, and N. Lingaiah, “Room-temperature transesterification of edible and nonedible oils using a heterogeneous strong basic Mg/La catalyst,” Energy and Fuels, vol. 22, no. 3, pp. 1965–1971, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. M. M. Gui, K. T. Lee, and S. Bhatia, “Feasibility of edible oil versus non-edible oil versus waste edible oil as biodiesel feedstock,” Energy, vol. 33, no. 11, pp. 1646–1653, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. M. K. Lam, K. T. Lee, and A. R. Mohamed, “Homogeneous, heterogeneous and enzymatic catalysis for transesterification of high free fatty acid oil (waste cooking oil) to biodiesel: a review,” Biotechnology Advances, vol. 28, no. 4, pp. 500–518, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. L. Lin, Z. Cunshan, S. Vittayapadung, S. Xiangqian, and D. Mingdong, “Opportunities and challenges for biodiesel fuel,” Applied Energy, vol. 88, no. 4, pp. 1020–1031, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  7. G. R. Quick, “Developments in use of vegetable oil as fuel for diesel engines,” ASAE Paper no. 80-1525R, ASAE, St. Joseph, Mich, USA, 1980. View at Google Scholar
  8. C. L. Peterson, R. O. Cruz, L. Perkings, R. Korus, and D. L. Auld, “Transesterification of vegetable oil for use as diesel fuel,” A Progress Report ASAE Paper No. PNWS90-610, ASAE, St. Joseph, Mich, USA, 1990. View at Google Scholar
  9. R. A. Korus, D. S. Hoffman, N. Bam, C. L. Peterson, and C. D. Drown, “Transesterification process to manufacture ethyl ester of rape oil,” Tech. Rep., Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Idaho, Moscow, Idaho, USA, 1995. View at Google Scholar
  10. G. Kafuku and M. Mbarawa, “Effects of biodiesel blending with fossil fuel on flow properties of biodiesel produced from non-edible oils,” International Journal of Green Energy, vol. 7, no. 4, pp. 434–444, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. F. Ma and M. A. Hanna, “Biodiesel production: a review,” Bioresource Technology, vol. 70, no. 1, pp. 1–15, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. G. Knothe and K. R. Steidley, “Kinematic viscosity of biodiesel fuel components and related compounds: influence of compound structure and comparison to petrodiesel fuel components,” Fuel, vol. 84, no. 9, pp. 1059–1065, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. M. Singh, “Economics of biofuels for the transport sector in South Africa,” Energy for Sustainable Development, vol. 10, no. 2, pp. 40–47, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. D. H. Scarisbrook and A. J. Ferguson, New Horizons for Oilseed Rape, Semundo, Cambridge, UK, 1995.
  15. M. A. Fowomola and A. A. Akindahunsi, “Nutritional quality of sandbox tree (Hura crepitans Linn.),” Journal of Medicinal Food, vol. 10, no. 1, pp. 159–164, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. J. A. O. Oyekunle, A. A. Omode, and J. O. Akinnifesi, “Physical properties of oils extracted from some Nigerian non-conventional oilseeds,” Journal of Applied Sciences, vol. 7, no. 6, pp. 835–840, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. A. Adewuyi, A. Göpfert, T. Wolff, B. V. S. K. Rao, and R. B. N. Prasad, “Synthesis of azidohydrin from Hura crepitans seed oil: a renewable resource for oleochemical industry and sustainable development,” ISRN Organic Chemistry, vol. 2012, Article ID 873046, 7 pages, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  18. O. G. Igbum, A. C. Eloka-Eboka, and C. A. Nwadinigwe, “Effects of transesterification variables on yields and properties of biodiesel fuels produced from four virgin tropical seeds oils,” International Journal of Environmental Bioenergy, vol. 1, pp. 119–130, 2012. View at Google Scholar
  19. A. Adewuyi, R. A. Oderinde, and I. A. Ajayi, “Kinetics of the effect of bleaching on the characterization, mineralnutrients and fat soluble vitamins of Blighia unijugata bak seed oil,” Rivista Italiana delle Sostanze Grasse, vol. 86, no. 3, pp. 199–208, 2009. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. AOAC, Official Methods of Analysis, vol. 67, Association of Official Analytical Chemist, Arlington, Va, USA, 14th edition, 1984.
  21. G. Corro, N. Tellez, T. Jimenez, A. Tapia, and F. Banuelos, “Biodiesel from waste frying oil. Two step process using acidified SiO2 for esterification step,” Catalysis Today, vol. 166, no. 1, pp. 116–122, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. American Society for Testing and Material (ASTM), “Standard test method for kinetic viscosity of transparent and opaque liquids,” pp. 1–3, Conshohocken, Pa, USA, 1998.
  23. AOCS, “American Oil Chemists’ Society official method for the quantitative separation of monoglycerides, diglycerides and triglycerides by silica gel column chromatography,” Cd 11c-93, 2003.
  24. K. Krisnangkura, “A simple method for estimation of Cetane index of vegetable oil methyl esters,” JAOCS: Journal of the American Oil Chemists' Society, vol. 63, no. 4, pp. 552–553, 1986. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. W. Batel, M. Graef, G. J. Meyer, R. Moller, and F. Schoedder, “Pflonzenole fur die Kraftstoff-und Energieversorgung,” Grundlagen der Landtechnik, vol. 30, pp. 40–51, 1980. View at Google Scholar
  26. European Committee for Standardization, EN 14112: Fat and Oil Derivatives—Fatty Acid Methyl Esters (FAME)—Determination of Oxidation Stability (Accelerated Oxidation Test), European Committee for Standardization, Brussels, Belgium, 2003.
  27. American Society for Testing and Material (ASTM), Copper Strip Corrosion Test D396 Specification for Fuel Oils, 2004.
  28. AOCS, “American Oil Chemists’ Society official method for flash point closed cup method (Modified closed cup method, ASTM designation D 93-80),” Cc 9b-55, USA, 1997.
  29. L. H. Princen and J. A. Rothfus, “Development of new crops for industrial raw materials,” Journal of the American Oil Chemists' Society, vol. 61, no. 2, pp. 281–289, 1984. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. F. D. Gunstone, Oils and Fats in the Food Industry: Food Industry Briefing Series, Blackwell, London, UK, 2008.
  31. M. Tariq, S. Ali, F. Ahmad et al., “Identification, FT-IR, NMR (1H and 13C) and GC/MS studies of fatty acid methyl esters in biodiesel from rocket seed oil,” Fuel Processing Technology, vol. 92, no. 3, pp. 336–341, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  32. G. Knothe, J. van Gerpen, and J. Krahl, Biodiesel Handbook, American Oil Chemists’ Society Press, Champaign, Ill, USA, 2005.
  33. C. Bindhu, J. R. C. Reddy, B. V. S. K. Rao et al., “Preparation and evaluation of biodiesel from sterculia foetida seed oil,” Journal of the American Oil Chemists' Society, vol. 89, no. 5, pp. 891–896, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  34. L. C. Meher, D. Vidya Sagar, and S. N. Naik, “Technical aspects of biodiesel production by transesterification—a review,” Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, vol. 10, no. 3, pp. 248–268, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  35. A. Demirbas, “Biodiesel production via non-catalytic SCF method and biodiesel fuel characteristics,” Energy Conversion and Management, vol. 47, no. 15-16, pp. 2271–2282, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus