Table of Contents
Journal of Geological Research
Volume 2010 (2010), Article ID 276989, 22 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2010/276989
Review Article

Paleotsunami Inundation of a Beach Ridge Plain: Cobble Ridge Overtopping and Interridge Valley Flooding in Seaside, Oregon, USA

1Geology Department, Portland State University, 1721 SW Broadway, Portland, OR 77207, USA
2Geography Department, University of Wisconsin at Eau Claire, P.O. Box 4004, Eau Claire, WI 54702, USA
3Horning Geosciences, 808 26th Avenue, Seaside, OR 97138, USA

Received 4 February 2010; Revised 6 June 2010; Accepted 10 August 2010

Academic Editor: Steven L. Forman

Copyright © 2010 Curt D. Peterson et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. J. F. Lander, P. A. Lockridge, and M. J. Kozuch, Tsunamis affecting the west coast of the United States 1806–1992, NGDC Key to Geophysical Records Documentation No. 29, National Geophysical Data Center, Boulder, Colo, USA, 1993.
  2. M. E. Darienzo, Late Holocene paleoseismicity along the northern Oregon coast, Ph.D. thesis, Portland State University, Portland, Ore, USA, 1991.
  3. M. E. Darienzo, S. Craig, C. D. Peterson et al., “Extent of tsunami sand deposits landwarwd of the Seaside spit,” Clatsop County, Oregon. Final Report to Clatsop County Sheriffs, 1993.
  4. B. K. Fiedorowicz, Geologic evidence of historic and preshistoric tsunami inundation at Seaside, Oregon, M.S. thesis, Portland State University, Portland, Ore, USA, 1997.
  5. B. K. Fiedorowicz and C. D. Peterson, “Tsunami deposit mapping at Seaside, Oregon, USA,” Geoenvironmental Mapping, vol. 1, pp. 630–648, 2002. View at Google Scholar
  6. Tsunami Pilot Study Working Group, “Seaside, Oregon Tsunami Pilot Study-Modernization of FEMA flood hazard maps,” NOAA OAR Special Report, NOAA/OAR/PMEL, Seattle, Wash, USA, 2006. View at Google Scholar
  7. R. B. Schlichting and C. D. Peterson, “Mapped overland distance of paleotsunami high-velocity inundation in back-barrier wetlands of the central Cascadia margin, U.S.A,” Journal of Geology, vol. 114, no. 5, pp. 577–592, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. C. D. Peterson, K. M. Cruikshank, H. M. Jol, and R. B. Schlichting, “Minimum runup heights of paleotsunami from evidence of sand ridge overtopping at Cannon Beach, Oregon, Central Cascadia Margin, U.S.A,” Journal of Sedimentary Research, vol. 78, no. 5-6, pp. 390–409, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. M. E. Darienzo, “The relationship between Holocene changes in sea level, geomorphology, and prehistoric Indian site abandonment and shell midden changes in the Seaside, Oregon area,” Final Report to Research Heritage Associates, Eugene, Ore, USA, 1992.
  10. U.S. Coastal Survey, “U.S. Coastal Survey Section X1 Coast of Oregon between Latitudes 45°58’and 47°03’ including Nekanakum Creek & Sea Side House,” Sheet No. 2 of 1874, scale 1:10,000, Register No 1381, 1875.
  11. G. E. Phebus and R. M. Drucker, Archaeological investigations at Seaside, Oregon: An intermediate report on the excavations of two major archaeological sites at Seaside, Oregon, through September 1977, Seaside Museum and Historical Society, Seaside, Ore, USA, 1979.
  12. M. Stuiver and P. J. Reimer, “Extended 14C data base and revised CALIB 3.0 14C age calibration program,” Radiocarbon, vol. 35, no. 1, pp. 215–230, 1993. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. M. Umitsu, C. Tanavud, and B. Patanakanog, “Effects of landforms on tsunami flow in the plains of Banda Aceh, Indonesia, and Nam Khem, Thailand,” Marine Geology, vol. 242, no. 1–3, pp. 141–153, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. F. I. González, E. L. Geist, B. Jaffe et al., “Probabilistic tsunami hazard assessment at Seaside, Oregon, for near-and far-field seismic sources,” Journal of Geophysical Research C, vol. 114, no. 11, Article ID C11023, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. J. C. Borrero, C. E. Synolakis, and F. Hermann, “Northern Sumatra field survey after the December 2004 great Sumatra earthquake and Indian Ocean tsunami,” Spectra, vol. 22, pp. S93–S104, 2006. View at Google Scholar
  16. E. T. Barnett, Potential for coastal flooding due to coseismic subsidence in the central Cascadia margin, M.S. thesis, Portland State University, Portland, Ore, USA, 1997.
  17. D. K. Rankin, Holocene geologic history of the Clatsop plains foredune ridge complex, M.S. thesis, Portland State University, Portland, Ore, USA, 1983.
  18. F. Reckendorf, C. Peterson, and D. Percy, “Dune Ridges of Clatsop County,” Department of Oregon Geology and Mineral Industries, Open-File Report O-01-07, Text and Interactive Map on CDROM, 2001.
  19. B. F. Atwater, S. Musumi-Rokkaku, K. Satake, Y. Tsuji, K. Ueda, and D. Yamaguchi, “The orphan tsunami of 1700: Japanese clues to a parent earthquake in North America,” US Geological Survey Professional Paper, paper 1707, 2005. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. L. K. Woxell, Prehistoric beach accretion rates and long-term response to sediment depletion in the Columbia River littoral cell, M.S. thesis, Portland State University, Portland, Ore, USA, 1998.
  21. K. R. Wengler, “Photo Contour Map, Clatsop County, Oregon, North Coast Area, NW1/4 section. Scale 1:1,200; contour interval 2 feet,” Prepared for Federal Emergency Management Administration, Flood Map Series, CH2M Hill, Corvallis, Ore, USA, 1973.
  22. A. Scheffers and D. Kelletat, “Bimodal tsunami deposits–a neglected feature in paleo-tsunami research,” in Geographie der Meere und Kusten, G. Schernewski and T. Dolch, Eds., pp. 67–75, Coastline Reports 1, 2004. View at Google Scholar
  23. M. C. Miller, I. N. McCave, and P. D. Komar, “Threshold of sediment motion under unidirectional currents,” Sedimentology, vol. 24, pp. 507–527, 1977. View at Google Scholar
  24. P. D. Komar, “Selective gravel entrainment and the empirical evaluation of flow competence,” Sedimentology, vol. 34, no. 6, pp. 1165–1176, 1987. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. P. D. Komar, “Flow-competence evaluations of the hydraulic parameters of floods: an assessment of the technique,” in Floods: Hydrological, Sedimentological and Geomorphological Implications, E. Beven and P. Carling, Eds., pp. 107–134, John Wiley & Sons, New York, NY, USA, 1989. View at Google Scholar
  26. B. F. Atwater, M. P. Tuttle, E. S. Schweig, C. M. Rubin, D. K. Yamaguchi, and E. Hemphill-Haley, “Earthquake recurrence, inferred from paleoseismology,” in The Quaternary Period in the United States, A. R. Gillespie, S. C. Porter, and B. F. Atwater, Eds., pp. 331–350, Elvevier, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, 2004. View at Google Scholar
  27. R. B. Schlichting, Establishing the inundation distance and overtopping height of paleotsunami from late-Holocene geologic records at open-coastal wetland sites, central Cascadia margin, M.S. thesis, Portland State University, Portland, Ore, USA, 2000.
  28. A. G. Dawson and S. Shi, “Tsunami deposits,” Pure and Applied Geophysics, vol. 157, no. 6–8, pp. 875–897, 2000. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. H. M. Jol, D. G. Smith, and R. A. Meyers, “Digital ground penetrating radar (GPR): a new geophysical tool for coastal barrier research (examples from the Atlantic, Gulf and Pacific coasts, U.S.A.),” Journal of Coastal Research, vol. 12, no. 4, pp. 960–968, 1996. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. A. Shields, “Application of similarity principles and turbulence research to bedload movement,” 1936, Tranlated from Anwendung der Aehnlichkeitsmechanik und der Turbulenzforschung auf die Geschiebebewegung, Mitt. Preuss. Versuchsanst. Wasserbau Schiffbau, by W.D. Ott & J.C. von Vcheten. Publications of California Institute of Technology. Hydrodynamics Lab. No. 167, pp. 37. 2006.