Review Article

Recycling of Badger/Fox Burrows in Late Pleistocene Loess by Hyenas at the Den Site Bad Wildungen-Biedensteg (NW, Germany): Woolly Rhinoceros Killers and Scavengers in a Mammoth Steppe Environment of Europe

Figure 9

Coelodonta antiquitatis thoracic remains, all of which are most probably from one adolescent female animal with hyena chewing marks from the hyena open air site Bad Wildungen-Biedensteg (Hesse, NW-Germany). (1) First cervical vertebra (atlas) (no. Bi-52/9), caudal. (2) Second cervical vertebra (axes) (no. Bi-52/1), cranial. (3) Third cervical vertebra (no. Bi-52/11), cranial. (4) First three cervical vertebrae (no. Bi-52/107-1 to 3), lateral. (5) Sixth cervical vertebra (no. Bi-52/107-1), cranial. (6) Seventh cervical vertebra (no. Bi-52/107-2), cranial. (7) Articulated last cervical to second thoracic vertebrae (no. Bi-52/107-1 to 3), lateral. (8) First thoracic vertebra (no. 108-3), cranial. (9) Third thoracic vertebra (no. Bi-52/10m), cranial. (10) Fourth thoracic vertebra (no. Bi-52/152), cranial. (11) Second thoracic vertebra (no. Bi-52/10j). (12) Articulated second and third thoracic vertebrae (no. Bi-52/10j to m), lateral. (13) Sixth thoracic vertebra (no. Bi-52/107-1), cranial. (14) Seventh thoracic vertebra (no. Bi-52/107-2), cranial. (15) Eighth thoracic vertebra (no. Bi-52/107-3), cranial. (16) Ninth thoracic vertebra (no. Bi-52/107-4), cranial. (17) All four articulated sixth to ninth thoracic vertebrae (1)–(4) (no. Bi-52/107-1 to 4), lateral, (18) Articulated last thoracic and first lumbar vertebra (no. Bi-52/10l and 10h), lateral. (19) Lumbar vertebra neural arch (no. Bi without no.), cranial. (20) Posterior right costa fragment (no. Bi-10ad). (21) Anterior costa fragment (no. Bi-10v). (22) Middle right costa fragment (no. Bi-52/52). (23) Anterior left costa fragment (no. Bi-10q). (24) Anterior right costa fragment (no. Bi-52/100). (25) Middle left costa fragment (no. Bi-52/15). (26) Middle left costa fragment (no. Bi-52/156). (27) Upper costa fragment with chewing marks (no. Bi-52/3). (28) Anterior right costa fragment, distally chewed (no. Bi-52/3a), cranial.