Table of Contents
Journal of Geological Research
Volume 2014, Article ID 314214, 17 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/314214
Research Article

Mineralogical and Geochemical Characterization of Gold Bearing Quartz Veins and Soils in Parts of Maru Schist Belt Area, Northwestern Nigeria

1Department of Geology, Federal University of Technology, Minna, Nigeria
2Department of Geology, University of Ibadan, Nigeria
3Federal Institute for Geosciences and Natural Resources (BGR), Hannover, Germany

Received 30 November 2013; Revised 18 April 2014; Accepted 26 May 2014; Published 14 July 2014

Academic Editor: Teresa Moreno

Copyright © 2014 Samson Adeleke Oke et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Epigenetic, N-S, NNE-SSW quartz veins crosscut metapelites and metagabbro in Maru area. The objectives of this work were to study field, mineralogy, and geochemical characteristics of gold bearing quartz veins and soils. Euhedral and polygonal magnetite with hematite constituted the major ore minerals. Quartz occurred as main gangue phase with appreciable sericite and chlorite. The mineralogy of soil retrieved from twelve minor gold fields examined with X-ray diffraction is quartz ± albite ± microcline ± muscovite ± hornblende ± magnetite ± illite ± kaolinite ± halloysite ± smectite ± goethite ± vermiculite ± chlorite. The concentration of gold in quartz vein varies from 10.0 to 6280.0 ppb with appreciable Pb (3.5–157.0 ppm) and ΣREE (3.6 to 82.9 ppm). Gold content in soil varies from < to 5700.0 ppb. The soil is characterized by As ± Sb gold’s pathfinder geochemical association. Multidata set analysis revealed most favourable areas for gold. Possibility of magmatic fluids as part of ore constituents is feasible due to presence of several intrusions close to quartz veins. Based on field, mineralogical, and geochemical evidences, ore fluids may have been derived from fracturing, metamorphic dewatering, crustal devolatilization of sedimentary, gabbroic protoliths, and emplaced in an orogenic setting.