Table of Contents
Journal of Industrial Engineering
Volume 2014, Article ID 195018, 7 pages
Research Article

Factor Analysis of Obstacles Restraining Productivity Improvement Programs in Manufacturing Enterprises in Oman

1Department of Industrial Engineering and Engineering Management, University of Sharjah, Sharjah, United Arab Emirates
2Department of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering, Sultan Qaboos University, Muscat, Oman

Received 14 June 2014; Revised 17 October 2014; Accepted 20 October 2014; Published 13 November 2014

Academic Editor: Enrico Cagno

Copyright © 2014 Hamdi A. Bashir et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Manufacturing enterprises can face obstacles that make productivity improvement efforts ineffective or even prevent improvement operations. This paper reports on an investigation of the internal obstacles restraining productivity improvement programs in the manufacturing enterprises of developing countries, using Oman as a case study. Data required for this study were collected through a questionnaire given to production and operations managers at 51 manufacturing enterprises in Oman. The results of applying factor analysis to a dataset of 15 obstacles showed that these obstacles can be reduced to three major factors. Ranked according to their importance, these factors are poor management practices, employee job dissatisfaction, and poor human resource management. The findings of this research are of value to production and operations managers of manufacturing enterprises who are interested in conducting productivity improvement programs not only in Oman but also in developing countries with environments similar to that of Oman, such as the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries.