Table of Contents
Journal of Industrial Engineering
Volume 2017, Article ID 8125430, 8 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/8125430
Research Article

Effectiveness of Physical Barriers Installation for Prevention of Incidents in Mexico City’s Subway System

Department of Industrial Engineering and Operations Research, Faculty of Engineering, National Autonomous University of Mexico, 04510 Mexico City, Mexico

Correspondence should be addressed to Aida Huerta-Barrientos; xm.manu.dadinumoc@atreuh.adia

Received 21 February 2017; Accepted 24 May 2017; Published 18 June 2017

Academic Editor: Björn Johansson

Copyright © 2017 Gerardo de Jesús Portillo-Villasana et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Nowadays, suicides inside the installations of subway platforms are considered a public health problem in Mexico City. One solution to prevent them is the installation of physical barriers, but their high cost is unattractive for governmental authorities. Traditional approaches of research on the effectiveness of physical barriers for preventing suicides have been limited to analyzing statistically the effects of installing platform screen doors and blue lights on subway platforms. Although considerable progress has been made in this field, many important issues remain unexplored. This study investigates the effectiveness of physical barriers installation for prevention of incidents in Mexico City subway system by means of an agent-based simulation model. Firstly, the design of physical barriers for prevention of incidents in Mexico City subway system is described. Secondly, a conceptual model of the Zócalo station subway platform is presented. Thirdly, an agent-based simulation model of Zócalo station subway platform is implemented using AnyLogic™ software considering normal operations of the subway station. This study shows that physical barriers installation on the Zócalo subway platform can effectively prevent 76% of passenger’s suicides.