Table of Contents
Journal of Metallurgy
Volume 2010, Article ID 145431, 9 pages
Research Article

Temperature Control in Spark Plasma Sintering: An FEM Approach

1CNRS - CEMES (Centre d'Elaboration de Matériaux et d'Etudes Structurales), 31400 Toulouse, France
2Université Paul Sabatier, Toulouse, France

Received 29 September 2009; Accepted 6 January 2010

Academic Editor: Brij Kumar Dhindaw

Copyright © 2010 G. Molénat et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Powder consolidation assisted by pulsed current and uniaxial pressure, namely, Spark Plasma Sintering (SPS), is increasingly popular. One limitation however lies in the difficulty of controlling the sample temperature during compaction. The aim of this work is to present a computational method for the assembly temperature based on the finite elements method (FEM). Computed temperatures have been compared with experimental data for three different dies filled with three materials with different electrical conductivities (TiAl, SiC, A l 2 O 3 ). The results obtained are encouraging: the difference between computed and experimental values is less than 5%. This allows thinking about this FEM approach as a predictive tool for selecting the right control temperatures in the SPS machine.