Table of Contents
Journal of Metallurgy
Volume 2013, Article ID 827491, 8 pages
Research Article

XRD and DTA Analysis of Developed Agglomerated Fluxes for Submerged Arc Welding

1Department of Mechanical Engineering, Noida Institute of Engineering and Technology, Greater Noida 201306, India
2Department of Mechanical Engineering, National Institute of Technology, Kurukshetra, Haryana 136119, India
3Division of MPAE, Netaji Subhas Institute of Technology, New Delhi 110078, India

Received 21 December 2012; Revised 9 February 2013; Accepted 11 February 2013

Academic Editor: Gerhard Sauthoff

Copyright © 2013 Ajay Kumar et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


A unique study of structural and chemical analysis of crystalline phases in developed agglomerated fluxes was carried out. Thirty-two fluxes were developed by using a mixture of oxides, halides, carbonates, silicates, and ferroalloys for submerged arc welding. The present paper focuses on only ten (out of thirty-two) fluxes which were analyzed by X-ray diffraction (XRD) to know the different types of oxides formed and changed in oxidation number of metallic centers after sintering process at around 850C. To know the effect of temperature over phase transformation and melting of different compounds, differential thermal analysis (DTA) was carried out from 1000 to 1400C. This study aims to know the quantity of ions present (percentage) and melting behavior of developed agglomerated fluxes for submerged arc welding process.