Table of Contents
Journal of Materials
Volume 2013, Article ID 478681, 11 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/478681
Research Article

Microwave Assisted Synthesis of ZnO Nanoparticles: Effect of Precursor Reagents, Temperature, Irradiation Time, and Additives on Nano-ZnO Morphology Development

Centro de Investigación en Química Aplicada, Boulevard Enrique Reyna 140, 25253 Saltillo, COAH, Mexico

Received 27 December 2012; Accepted 26 March 2013

Academic Editor: Antoni Morawski

Copyright © 2013 Gastón P. Barreto et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The effect of different variables (precursor reagents, temperature, irradiation time, microwave radiation power, and additives addition) on the final morphology of nano-ZnO obtained through the microwave assisted technique has been investigated. The characterization of the samples has been carried out by field emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM) in transmission mode, infrared (FTIR), UV-Vis spectroscopy, and powder X-ray diffraction (XRD). The results showed that all the above-mentioned variables influenced to some extent the shape and/or size of the synthetized nanoparticles. In particular, the addition of an anionic surfactant (sodium di-2-ethylhexyl-sulfosuccinate (AOT)) to the reaction mixture allowed the synthesis of smaller hexagonal prismatic particles (100 nm), which show a significant increase in UV absorption.