Table of Contents
Journal of Materials
Volume 2013, Article ID 515846, 8 pages
Research Article

Photocatalytic Performance of TiO2 Nanofibers as a Function of Fiber Diameter Using TiCl2 as a Precursor

1Department of Physics, Faculty of Basic Sciences, University of Mazandaran, P.O. Box 47416-1467, Babolsar, Iran
2Department of Material Engineering, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran

Received 23 January 2013; Revised 13 March 2013; Accepted 20 March 2013

Academic Editor: Tong Lin

Copyright © 2013 Ali Akbar Ashkarran et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


We focus on the production of TiO2 nanofibers with controllable diameters using a facile electrospinning technique at room temperature. The resulting nanofibers were characterized using X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and ultraviolet-visible spectroscopy (UV-Vis). The most important electrospinning parameters including potential difference (kV), flow rate (mL/h), and the separation distance between electrodes (cm) were found to have significant influence on the diameter of the produced nanofibers. The photocatalytic performance of TiO2 nanofibers was successfully demonstrated for decolorization of Rhodamine B (Rh.B) under UV light irradiation. It was found that fiber diameter has a crucial influence on the photocatalytic performance of TiO2 nanofibers.